Perinatal outcome in singleton pregnancies complicated with preeclampsia and eclampsia in Ecuador.


Preeclampsia in Ecuador is an understudied subject since available epidemiological data are scarce. The aim of this study was to describe perinatal outcomes among singleton pregnancies complicated with preeclampsia and eclampsia in a sample of low-income Ecuadorian women. Pregnant women complicated with preeclampsia (mild and severe) and eclampsia (defined according to criteria of the ACOG) delivering at the Enrique C. Sotomayor Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Guayaquil, Ecuador were surveyed with a structured questionnaire containing maternal (socio-demographic) and neonatal data. Perinatal outcomes were compared according to severity of clinical presentation. A total of 163 women with preeclampsia [mild (23.9%), severe (68.7%) and eclampsia (7.4%)] were surveyed. Perinatal mortality and stillbirth rate was similar among studied groups (mild vs. severe preeclampsia/eclampsia cases). However, severe cases displayed higher rates of adverse perinatal outcomes: lower birth Apgar scores, more preterm births, and more low birth weight and small for gestational age infants. Caesarean-section rate and the number of admissions to intensive or intermediate neonatal care were higher in severe cases. A similar trend was found when analysis excluded preterm gestations. In conclusion, in this specific low-income Ecuadorian population perinatal outcome was adverse in pregnancies complicated with severe preeclampsia/eclampsia.

DOI: 10.3109/01443615.2015.1107532

Cite this paper

@article{Phoa2016PerinatalOI, title={Perinatal outcome in singleton pregnancies complicated with preeclampsia and eclampsia in Ecuador.}, author={K Nadine Phoa and Peter A. Chedraui and Faustino R P{\'e}rez-l{\'o}pez and Johannes F Wendte and S Ghiabi and Tania Vrijkotte and Paulino Pinto}, journal={Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology : the journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology}, year={2016}, volume={36 5}, pages={581-4} }