Perinatal factors and the risk of developing anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.

@article{Favaro2006PerinatalFA,
  title={Perinatal factors and the risk of developing anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.},
  author={Angela Favaro and Elena Tenconi and Paolo Santonastaso},
  journal={Archives of general psychiatry},
  year={2006},
  volume={63 1},
  pages={
          82-8
        }
}
CONTEXT Few prospective studies to date have investigated the role of obstetric complications in anorexia nervosa, and no study to our knowledge exists for this in bulimia nervosa. OBJECTIVE To explore the role of obstetric complications in the development of eating disorders. DESIGN A blind analysis of the obstetric records of a sample of subjects with anorexia nervosa, with bulimia nervosa, and normal subjects was performed. All of the subjects included in the study belong to the same… 
The Relationship Between Obstetric Complications and Temperament in Eating Disorders: A Mediation Hypothesis
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The use of a mediation path analytic model revealed a significant, but incomplete, mediation effect of harm avoidance in explaining the link between neonatal dysmaturity and the development of eating disorders.
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TLDR
The synergistic effect of neonatal dysmaturity and childhood abuse in increasing the risk for AN provides evidence for the hypothesis that a prenatal programming of stress response systems can result in an impairment of the individual's resilience to severe stressful events.
Obstetric complications and eating disorders: a replication study.
TLDR
This study provides further evidence of the role of OCs as putative risk factors for the development of eating disorders, showing different pathways between AN and BN.
In utero exposure to virus infections and the risk of developing anorexia nervosa
TLDR
Exposures during the sixth month of pregnancy to the peaks of chickenpox and rubella infections were significantly associated with an increased risk of developing anorexia nervosa, and in utero exposure to viral infection could be a risk factor for developing AN.
Incidence, prevalence and mortality of anorexia nervosa and other eating disorders
  • H. Hoek
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Current opinion in psychiatry
  • 2006
TLDR
An upward trend has been observed in the incidence of anorexia nervosa in the past century till the 1970s, and the most substantial increase was among females aged 15–24 years, for whom a significant increase was observed from 1935 to 1999.
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TLDR
Eating disorders appear to be associated with several adverse perinatal outcomes, particularly in offspring, and close monitoring of pregnant women with either a past or current eating disorder is recommended.
Results : conclusions : neuROpsychOlOgicAl And fAmily fActORs cOnditiOning AnORexiA neRvOsA
Recent research into anorexia nervosa suggests that it results from an interaction between genetic, neurohormonal and environmental factors. The aim of our study was to analyze the mutual
Prenatal and perinatal factors in eating disorders: a descriptive review.
TLDR
Evidence in support of an effect of prenatal and perinatal factors on eating disorders or disordered eating in offspring is conflicting and if present, the overall effect appears to be relatively small.
Perinatal complications in unaffected sisters of anorexia nervosa patients: testing a covariation model between genetic and environmental factors
TLDR
Perinatal complications seem to be independent risk factors that may interact with, but are not caused by, familial risk factors for AN, and a particular attention should be paid to mothers with a lifetime history of psychiatric disorders.
A Comparison of the Presentation and Outcome of Anorexia Nervosa in Early and Late Adolescence
TLDR
The study found that younger age at presentation was associated with admission at a higher %IBW but not medical stability, and that the Early Pediatric AN group had a better outcome on the Morgan-Russell scale.
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