Performance optimization of active quenching circuits for picosecond timing with single photon avalanche diodes

@article{Lacaita1995PerformanceOO,
  title={Performance optimization of active quenching circuits for picosecond timing with single photon avalanche diodes},
  author={Andrea Leonardo Lacaita and Sergio Cova and Carlo Samori and Massimo Ghioni},
  journal={Review of Scientific Instruments},
  year={1995},
  volume={66},
  pages={4289-4295}
}
The front‐end electronic circuitry plays a fundamental role in determining the performance obtained from ultrafast and highly sensitive photodetectors. In this paper we deal with electronic problems met working with single photon avalanche diodes for detecting single optical photons and measuring their arrival time with picosecond resolution. We describe an active quenching circuit capable of driving the detector in a remote position, connected with a coaxial cable. By minimizing the noise of… 

Figures from this paper

Avalanche detector with ultraclean response for time-resolved photon counting

Experimental tests have been carried out for characterizing the performance of a new single-photon avalanche diode. The detector is specifically designed for picosecond time-correlated single photon

A view on progress of silicon single-photon avalanche diodes and quenching circuits

Silicon Single-Photon Avalanche-Diodes (SPAD) are nowadays considered a solid-state alternative to Photomultiplier Tubes (PMT) in single photon counting (SPC) and time-correlated single

Voltage breakdown follower avoids hard thermal constraints in a Geiger mode avalanche photodiode.

A novel approach to single-photon detection by means of an avalanche photodiode that avoids the use of complex temperature controls typically used with these devices, thus reducing system complexity and cost.

Single photon avalanche detectors: prospects of new quenching and gain mechanisms

Abstract While silicon single-photon avalanche diodes (SPAD) have reached very high detection efficiency and timing resolution, their use in fibre-optic communications, optical free space

Monolithic Dual-Detector for Photon-Correlation Spectroscopy With Wide Dynamic Range and 70-ps Resolution

A monolithic integrated dual-detector for photon correlation analysis has been designed and tested. The basic element is a single photon avalanche diode (SPAD) with intrinsic low noiseand high

Monolithic dual-detector for photon-correlation spectroscopy with wide dynamic range and optical 70-ps resolution

A monolithic integrated dual-detector for photon correlation analysis has been designed and tested. The basic element is a single photon avalanche diode (SPAD) with intrinsic low noise- and high

Quenching Circuit and SPAD Integrated in CMOS 65 nm with 7.8 ps FWHM Single Photon Timing Resolution

This paper presents a new quenching circuit (QC) and single photon avalanche diode (SPAD) implemented in TSMC CMOS 65 nm technology. The QC was optimized for single photon timing resolution (SPTR)

Trade-offs for quenched avalanche photodiode (QAPD) sensors for imaging turbid media

We evaluate the efficiency of a new optoelectronic quenched avalanche sensor, with the potential of enabling high resolution imagin through turbid media with femtosecond lasers. Our target

Avalanche buildup and propagation effects on photon-timing jitter in Si-SPAD with non-uniform electric field

Improving SPAD performances, such as dark count rate and quantum efficiency, without degrading the photontiming jitter is a challenging task that requires a clear understanding of the physical

References

SHOWING 1-7 OF 7 REFERENCES

Active-Quenching and Gating Circuits for Single-Photon Avalanche Diodes (SPADs)

Single-photon detection by avalanche photodiodes with uniform breakdown over the junction area (single--photon avalanche diodes SPADs) is well known. The active quenching method, introduced by the

Towards picosecond resolution with single-photon avalanche diodes

Avalanche p–n photodiodes with uniform breakdown over the junction area are known to be capable of single‐photon detection. An experimental study has been performed on the temporal resolution of

Single photon avalanche diode for single molecule detection

A commercially available single photon avalanche photodiode in a passively quenched circuit is used with time‐correlated single photon counting modules to achieve subnanosecond time response together

20-ps timing resolution with single-photon avalanche diodes

Single photon avalanche diodes (SPADs) are avalanche photodiodes specifically designed for reverse bias operation above the breakdown voltage and used for detecting single optical photons. A new

Constant‐fraction circuits for picosecond photon timing with microchannel plate photomultipliers

Since single‐photon pulses of photomultiplier tubes (PMTs) have statistically fluctuating amplitude, constant‐fraction trigger circuits (CFTs) are normally employed for accurate timing. However, with

Improving the performance of commercially available Geiger-mode avalanche photodiodes

The resolution of Geiger‐mode avalanche photodiodes in single photon timing is shown to be dependent on the diameter of the illuminated area. For the RCA C30902S device at room temperature, an

Single-photon detection beyond 1 µm: performance of commercially available germanium photodiodes.

Germanium avalanche photodiodes (APD's) working biased above the breakdown voltage detect single optical photons in the near-infrared wavelength range, and it is shown that some selected APD's achieve an 85-ps time resolution in the detection of optical photons at a 1.3-µm wavelength, which corresponds to a timing-equivalent bandwidth of 1.8 GHz.