Performance on Indirect Measures of Race Evaluation Predicts Amygdala Activation

  title={Performance on Indirect Measures of Race Evaluation Predicts Amygdala Activation},
  author={Elizabeth A. Phelps and Kevin John O’Connor and William A. Cunningham and E. Sumie Funayama and J. Christopher Gatenby and John C. Gore and Mahzarin R. Banaji},
  journal={Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience},
Abstract We used fMRI to explore the neural substrates involved in the unconscious evaluation of Black and White social groups. Specifically, we focused on the amygdala, a subcortical structure known to play a role in emotional learning and evaluation. In Experiment 1, White American subjects observed faces of unfamiliar Black and White males. The strength of amygdala activation to Black-versus-White faces was correlated with two indirect (unconscious) measures of race evaluation (Implicit… 
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Neurobiology of fear responses: the role of the amygdala.
  • M. Davis
  • Biology, Psychology
    The Journal of neuropsychiatry and clinical neurosciences
  • 1997
The peptide corticotropin-releasing hormone appears to be especially important in fear or anxiety and may act within the amygdala to orchestrate parts of the fear reaction.