Performance in Competitive Environments: Gender Differences

@article{Gneezy2003PerformanceIC,
  title={Performance in Competitive Environments: Gender Differences},
  author={Uri Gneezy and Muriel Niederle and Aldo Rustichini},
  journal={Quarterly Journal of Economics},
  year={2003},
  volume={118},
  pages={1049-1074}
}
Even though the provision of equal opportunities for men and women has been a priority in many countries, large gender differences prevail in competitive high-ranking positions. Suggested explanations include discrimination and differences in preferences and human capital. In this paper we present experimental evidence in support of an additional factor: women may be less effective than men in competitive environments, even if they are able to perform similarly in non-competitive environments… 

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