Performance and luminosity models for heavy-ion operation at the CERN Large Hadron Collider

  title={Performance and luminosity models for heavy-ion operation at the CERN Large Hadron Collider},
  author={Roderik Bruce and Marc Andre Jebramcik and John M Jowett and Thomas G. Mertens and Michaela Schaumann},
  journal={The European Physical Journal Plus},
A good understanding of the luminosity performance in a collider, as well as reliable tools to analyse, predict, and optimise the performance, is of great importance for the successful planning and execution of future runs. In this article, we present two different models for the evolution of the beam parameters and the luminosity in heavy-ion colliders. The first, Collider Time Evolution is a particle tracking code, while the second, the Multi-Bunch Simulation is based on the numerical… 

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