Performance and cost of materials for lithium-based rechargeable automotive batteries

@article{Schmuch2018PerformanceAC,
  title={Performance and cost of materials for lithium-based rechargeable automotive batteries},
  author={R. Schmuch and Ralf Wagner and Gerhardt H{\"o}rpel and Tobias Placke and Martin Winter},
  journal={Nature Energy},
  year={2018},
  volume={3},
  pages={267-278}
}
It is widely accepted that for electric vehicles to be accepted by consumers and to achieve wide market penetration, ranges of at least 500 km at an affordable cost are required. Therefore, significant improvements to lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) in terms of energy density and cost along the battery value chain are required, while other key performance indicators, such as lifetime, safety, fast-charging ability and low-temperature performance, need to be enhanced or at least sustained. Here, we… 

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