Ultra-dense network (UDN) is considered as one of the most promising techniques in achieving the increasingly explosive growth of data rates for future 5G system. However, a large number of small cells lead to the increased cell edges and the rugged inter-cell interference, which cause frequent handover events and more radio link failure (RLF). In this paper, a local anchor-based dual connectivity (DC) architecture is proposed for user-centric network (UCN) based on the analysis of mobility management challenges of UDN. Under the proposed architecture, the local anchor acts as the master eNodeB (MeNB) with neighboring small cells acting as slave eNodeBs (SeNBs) to provide DC transmission for user-centric service following each user’s movement. Key procedures for mobility management are correspondingly provided and both the MeNBs and SeNBs are selected from the small cells to investigate the potential of them, which are different from the mobility management methods under traditional cellular architecture. Performance evaluations are conducted under different parameter configurations to evaluate the maximum potential of the proposed scheme. Simulation results show that in our proposed scheme, the handover failure (HOF) rate shows a maximum decrease of more than 53% and the average user spectrum efficiency achieves an increase of 5% gains over the current LTE system when UE speed is 3km/h.