Perforator flaps: evolution, classification, and applications.

  title={Perforator flaps: evolution, classification, and applications.},
  author={Christopher R. Geddes and Steven F. Morris and Peter C. Neligan},
  journal={Annals of plastic surgery},
  volume={50 1},
In this article, the authors review the literature regarding perforator flaps. Musculocutaneous perforator flaps have evolved from musculocutaneous flaps and offer several distinct advantages. By sparing muscle tissue, thus reducing donor site morbidity and functional loss, perforator flaps are indicated for a number of clinical problems. The versatility of the perforator flap makes it ideal for the reconstruction of three-dimensional defects such as breast reconstruction or as a thin flap for… CONTINUE READING
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