Perfluoroalkyl sulfonic and carboxylic acids: A critical review of physicochemical properties, levels and patterns in waters and wastewaters, and treatment methods

@article{Rayne2009PerfluoroalkylSA,
  title={Perfluoroalkyl sulfonic and carboxylic acids: A critical review of physicochemical properties, levels and patterns in waters and wastewaters, and treatment methods},
  author={S. Rayne and K. Forest},
  journal={Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A},
  year={2009},
  volume={44},
  pages={1145 - 1199}
}
  • S. Rayne, K. Forest
  • Published 2009
  • Chemistry, Medicine
  • Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A
Perfluorinated acids (PFAs) are an emerging class of environmental contaminants present in various environmental and biological matrices. Two major PFA subclasses are the perfluorinated sulfonic acids (PFSAs) and carboxylic acids (PFCAs). The physicochemical properties and partitioning behavior for the linear PFA members are poorly understood and widely debated. Even less is known about the numerous branched congeners with varying perfluoroalkyl chain lengths, leading to confounding issues… Expand
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