Percutaneous nephrolithotomy with ultrasonography-guided renal access: experience from over 300 cases.

@article{Osman2005PercutaneousNW,
  title={Percutaneous nephrolithotomy with ultrasonography-guided renal access: experience from over 300 cases.},
  author={Mahmoud M. Osman and Gunnar Wendt-Nordahl and Katrin Heger and Maurice Stephan Michel and Peter Alken and Thomas Knoll},
  journal={BJU international},
  year={2005},
  volume={96 6},
  pages={875-8}
}
OBJECTIVE To report our experience with over 300 patients treated with percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL), for although PNL was established as a treatment in the 1970s, its use diminished with the introduction of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL); clinical experience with ESWL showed its limitations, and the role of PNL for treating urolithiasis was redefined, which with improvements in instruments and lithotripsy technology has expanded the capability of percutaneous stone… CONTINUE READING