Percutaneous closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defects: initial experience in Portugal.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION Closure of ventricular septal defects (VSDs) with significant shunt is indicated due to the risks associated with increased pulmonary flow leading to left chamber dilatation, the possibility of cardiac dysfunction and arrhythmias, and the risk of bacterial endocarditis. Percutaneous VSD closure is an effective and safe alternative to surgery in… (More)

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