Percutaneous caliceal irrigation during extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy for lower pole renal calculi.

@article{Graham1994PercutaneousCI,
  title={Percutaneous caliceal irrigation during extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy for lower pole renal calculi.},
  author={J B Graham and Joel B. Nelson},
  journal={The Journal of urology},
  year={1994},
  volume={152 6 Pt 2},
  pages={2227}
}
A percutaneous nephrostomy tube coiled in the lower pole calix was used to irrigate stone fragments during extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy in a small series of patients. This procedure is suggested as a possible means of improving lithotripsy results for larger, lower pole stones.