Perceptual symbol systems

@article{Barsalou1999PerceptualSS,
  title={Perceptual symbol systems},
  author={Lawrence W. Barsalou},
  journal={Behavioral and Brain Sciences},
  year={1999},
  volume={22},
  pages={577 - 660}
}
  • L. Barsalou
  • Published 1 August 1999
  • Psychology
  • Behavioral and Brain Sciences
Prior to the twentieth century, theories of knowledge were inherently perceptual. Since then, developments in logic, statistics, and programming languages have inspired amodal theories that rest on principles fundamentally different from those underlying perception. In addition, perceptual approaches have become widely viewed as untenable because they are assumed to implement recording systems, not conceptual systems. A perceptual theory of knowledge is developed here in the context of current… 

Embodied Experiences in SecondLanguage Learning of English Modal Verbs

One great debate in cognitive science rests upon the role of bodily experiences in information processing and knowledge representation, that is whether a human body provides the ground from which a

Embodied Cognition and the Percept / Concept Distinction

TLDR
Barsalou’s system is much like a perceptual re-cast of a classical symbol-manipulation approach; instead of transducing perceptual input into amodal forms for processing in other parts of the brain, Barsalou contends that traces merely need to be "filtered do wn" into a schematic form, and processed entirely with the sensorimotor system.

The Emergence of Category Representations During Infancy: Are Separate Perceptual and Conceptual Processes Required?

A long-standing issue in cognitive development concerns the manner in which the earliest, presumably perceptually based, categorical representations of young infants, become knowledge-rich

Context-dependent Changes in Functional Connectivity of Auditory Cortices during the Perception of Object Words

TLDR
This study presented words for which both motor and visual properties were important in constituting the concept and tested whether functional integration between auditory brain regions and perception/action areas is modulated by context, to corroborate on earlier findings of flexible and context-dependent language representations.

Grounded Symbols In The Brain, Computational Foundations For Perceptual Symbol System

TLDR
DL is described as a general theory describing the process of cognition on multiple levels of abstraction, and its implications for interactions between cognition and language, mechanisms of language grounding, and possible role of language in grounding abstract cognition are discussed.

Embodiment in first and second language processing

TLDR
One aim of this dissertation project was to further investigate single word processing, and to provide evidence for the reactivation of experiential traces in L1 and L2 processing.

Spatial Information and Representations of Word Meaning: Accessing Semantic Size during Reading

TLDR
Language functions as a system that connects external representations, such as words and sentences, to internal representations of meaning, which are qualitatively distinct from representations in the sensorimotor system.

fMRI Evidence for Modality-Specific Processing of Conceptual Knowledgeon Six Modalities

Traditional theories assume that amodal representations, such as feature lists and semantic networks, represent conceptual knowledge about the world. According to this view, the sensory, motor, and

Context-dependent changes in the functional connectivity of auditory cortices during comprehension of object words

TLDR
This study presented words for which both motor and visual properties were important in constituting the concept, and tested whether functional integration between auditory brain regions and perception/action areas is modulated by context, to cor-roborate on earlier findings of flexible and context-dependent language representations.

Disembodying cognition

TLDR
Within neuroscience, it is proposed that three functional anatomic axes help frame questions about the graded nature of grounded cognition, or on disembodying cognition, which opens the way to think about how humans abstract.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 535 REFERENCES

Psychological and biological models

What makes people smarter than computers? These volumes by a pioneering neurocomputing group suggest that the answer lies in the massively parallel architecture of the human mind. They describe a new

Perceptual simulation in conceptual tasks

concepts directly, we have found that three mechanisms are central (1) event simulations that frame focal concepts (e.g., Fillmore, 1985; Langacker, 1986), (2) perceptual symbols from introspection,

How to build a baby: II. Conceptual primitives.

TLDR
A mechanism of perceptual analysis by which infants derive meaning from perceptual activity by way of redescribe perceptual information into image-schematic format, which simplifies perceptual information and makes it potentially accessible for purposes of concept formation and thought.

Is vision continuous with cognition?: The case for cognitive impenetrability of visual perception

TLDR
The paper discusses arguments from computer vision and psychology showing that vision is "intelligent" and involves elements of "problem solving" and examines a number of examples where instructions and "hints" are alleged to affect what is seen.

What memory is for

TLDR
Practical work in cognitive science and empirical work in memory and language comprehension are reviewed that suggest that it may be possible to investigate connections between topics as disparate as infantile amnesia and mental-model theory.

Lexical Activation Produces Potent Phonemic Percepts

TLDR
The results indicate that lexical activation can cause the perceptual process to synthesize a highly functional phonemic code and provide strong evidence for interactive models of word recognition.

Seeing and imagining in the cerebral hemispheres: a computational approach.

TLDR
A theory of some of these subsystems is formulated in light of an analysis of problems that must be solved by the visual system and the constraints on the solutions to these problems; computational, neurological, and behavioral constraints are considered.

Thought Without Language

Introduction. Part 1 Emergence and instruction: the origins of referential communication in human infancy the Ontogenesis of different types of thought language and motor behaviours as non-specific
...