Perceptual load in the reading of Arabic: Effects of orthographic visual complexity on detection

@article{Abdelhadi2011PerceptualLI,
  title={Perceptual load in the reading of Arabic: Effects of orthographic visual complexity on detection},
  author={Souad Abdelhadi and Raphiq Ibrahim and Zohar Eviatar},
  journal={Writing Systems Research},
  year={2011},
  volume={3},
  pages={117 - 127}
}
Previous research has suggested that reading Arabic is slower than reading Hebrew or English, even among native Arabic readers. We tested the hypothesis that at least part of the difficulty in reading Arabic is due to the visual complexity of Arabic orthography. Third- and sixth-grade native readers of Arabic who were studying Hebrew in school were asked to detect a vowel diacritic in the context of Hebrew words and nonwords, Arabic words and nonwords (including connected and unconnected Arabic… 
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