Perceptual characteristics of adductor spasmodic dysphonia.

  title={Perceptual characteristics of adductor spasmodic dysphonia.},
  author={Ton P. M. Langeveld and H A Drost and Johan H. M. Frijns and Aeilko H. Zwinderman and Robert J Baatenburg de jong},
  journal={The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology},
  volume={109 8 Pt 1},
The evaluation of perceptual symptoms is one of the mainstays in the diagnostic workup of adductor spasmodic dysphonia (ADSD). The most widely used perceptual rating system is the GRBAS scale. However, with this system, not all audible features of ADSD can be described. Therefore, we extended the GRBAS system by 6 parameters. The aim of this study was… CONTINUE READING