Perceptions of racial group competition: Extending Blumer's theory of group position to a multiracial social context

@article{Bobo1996PerceptionsOR,
  title={Perceptions of racial group competition: Extending Blumer's theory of group position to a multiracial social context},
  author={Lawrence D Bobo and Vincent L. Hutchings},
  journal={American Sociological Review},
  year={1996},
  volume={61},
  pages={951-972}
}
Perceptions of threat occupy a central place in race relations in Blumer's theory of prejudice but few direct efforts to study such perceptions exist. Extending Blumer's reasoning, we hypothesize that such perceptions are driven by a group's feelings of racial alienation within the larger social order The more that members of a particular racial group feel collectively oppressed and unfairly treated by society, the more likely they are to perceive members of other groups as potential threats… Expand

Tables from this paper

Challenging the Stubborn Core of Opposition to Equality: Racial Contact and Policy Attitudes
A Random Digit Dialing survey (n = 794) examined the interracial contact experiences and racial attitudes of White South Africans. The survey measured racial attitudes not only in terms ofExpand
Group Threat and Social Control: Race, Perceptions of Minorities and the Desire to Punish
This research examines the individual-level and contextual correlates of punitive attitudes in the United States. Prior research suggests that the demographic composition and economic conditions ofExpand
Understanding White Americans’ Perceptions of “Reverse” Discrimination: An Application of a New Theory of Status Dissonance
Abstract Purpose This chapter has two central goals: (1) to present a foundational argument for status dissonance theory and (2) to apply its central propositions to understanding why some WhiteExpand
UCLA Recent Work Title Is It Really Racism ? The Origins of White Americans ' Opposition to Race-Targeted Policies Permalink
We address the role of racial antagonism in whites’ opposition to racially-targeted policies. The data come from four surveys selected for their unusually rich measurement of both policy preferencesExpand
Perceived Group Competition and Charitable Giving
Extending Blumer’s group position theory into the domain of civic engagement, the present study identifies an intergroup social-psychological attitude linked to charitable giving: perceived immigrantExpand
Re-evaluating intergroup dynamics in the South: Racial attitudes among Latino immigrants in Durham, NC.
TLDR
Results suggest that among immigrant Latinos, greater integration and social contact reduce White supremacy, rather than simply improving attitudes towards all out-groups, but that the softening of anti-Black prejudice is undermined by perceived vulnerability to crime and anti-immigrant forces. Expand
Predicting support for racial transformation policies: Intergroup threat, racial prejudice, sense of group entitlement and strength of identification
Policies and programs designed to challenge the effects of racial discrimination (such as affirmative action) are hotly contested. Factors which have been proposed to explain opposition to theseExpand
Forming a More Perfect Union: Racial Perceptions of Unity and Division in the United States
Abstract This research analyzes 105 interviews from the Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Friendship to assess attitudes on bridging U.S. cultural difference. Interviewees across social categories wereExpand
Group Empathy Theory: The Effect of Group Empathy on US Intergroup Attitudes and Behavior in the Context of Immigration Threats
Group Empathy Theory posits empathy felt by members of one group can boost support for another even when the groups are in direct competition for rights, security, and resources. We employ our theoryExpand
Group Position, Collective Threat, and American Anti-Semitism
This article provides a theoretical account of anti-Jewish prejudice and empirically tests this model using data from a recent national survey of adults in the United States. Whereas much priorExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 140 REFERENCES
Prejudice and Politics: Symbolic Racism Versus Racial Threats to the Good Life
Although theories of prejudice have been extensively catalogued, empirical confrontations between competing theories are surprisingly rare. The primary goal of the present research was to test twoExpand
Race Prejudice as a Sense of Group Position
In this paper I am proposing an approach to the study of race prejudice different from that which dominates contemporary scholarly thought on this topic. My thesis is that race prejudice existsExpand
Whites' opposition to busing: Symbolic racism or realistic group conflict?
The theory of symbolic racism contends that whites' opposition to busing springs from a basic underlying prejudiced or intolerant attitudinal predisposition toward blacks, not self-interest orExpand
Racial Tolerance as a Function of Group Position.
White people's attitudes toward racial desegregation of the public schools are assessed by using items replicated on 22 surveys from 1954 to 1978. Myrdal's statement that racial tolerance reflectsExpand
Race and ethnicity.
To study the problem of race and ethnicity in terms of societal organizations is to recognize that the institutional processes of ordering actions and relations in terms of given social ends imposeExpand
Conceptions of Racial Prejudice: Symbolic Racism Reconsidered
Research on “symbolic racism” has underscored an important paradox in racial attitudes: whites' rejection of racial injustice, in principle, has developed without diminishing resistance to the socialExpand
Assimilation or Consciousness: Perceptions of U.S. Society Among Recent Latin American Immigrants to the United States
Two competing views of determinants of immigrants' perceptions of U.S. society and perceptions of discrimination against their own group are examined. Assimilation theory suggests a process leadingExpand
The Role of Self-Interest in Social and Political Attitudes
Publisher Summary The purpose of this chapter is to examine the empirical evidence on the role of self-interest in forming and maintaining sociopolitical attitudes. Psychoanalytic theory highlightedExpand
Attitudes toward the Black Political Movement: Trends, Meaning, and Effects on Racial Policy Preferences*
This paper examines the influence of prejudice and of conflict-based concern with protecting group position on people's attitudes toward the black political movement. Analyses of national survey dataExpand
The Continuing Significance of Race : Antiblack Discrimination in Public Places
Much literature on contemporary U.S. racial relations tends to view black middle-class life as substantially free of traditional discrimination. Drawing primarily on 37 in-depth interviews with blackExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...