Perceptions of audible nasal emission in speakers with cleft palate: a comparative study of listener judgments.


OBJECTIVE Audible nasal emission is a common speech distortion observed in persons with cleft palate. This study examined the validity and reliability of perceptual judgments of audible nasal emission using interval scaling and magnitude estimation techniques. PARTICIPANTS Speech samples were collected from six adolescents with repaired cleft palate, all… (More)
DOI: 10.1597/09-201