Perceptions of Risk and the Buffering Hypothesis: The Role of Just World Beliefs and Right-Wing Authoritarianism

@article{Lambert1999PerceptionsOR,
  title={Perceptions of Risk and the Buffering Hypothesis: The Role of Just World Beliefs and Right-Wing Authoritarianism},
  author={Alan J. Lambert and Thomas Burroughs and Tina Nguyen},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  year={1999},
  volume={25},
  pages={643 - 656}
}
Although perceptions of risk have been studied extensively by both social and cognitive psychologists, relatively little work has focused on individual differences in these perceptions. Across two studies, the authors examined the relationship of perceived risk to just world beliefs (BJW) and right-wing authoritarianism (RWA). Both studies showed that these two variables have interactive effects on perceived risk across a wide variety of different types of threats (e.g., getting hijacked… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

The Role of Political Ideology in Mediating Judgments of Blame in Rape Victims and their Assailants: A Test of the Just World, Personal Responsibility, and Legitimization Hypotheses
Previous research often has shown that conservative ideology is positively correlated with the extent to which people blame victims of rape. However, much of this work has been descriptive, withExpand
We Blame Innocent Victims More Than I Do: Self-Construal Level Moderates Responses to Just-World Threats:
This study investigated the impact of self-construal levels on people’s tendency to blame innocent victims for the victims’ fates. The authors hypothesized that when the belief in a just world isExpand
Can Belief in a Just World Buffer Mood and Career Prospects of People in Need of Risk Protection? First Experimental Evidence.
TLDR
The finding supported the buffer hypothesis regarding mood, but not career prospects, possibly due to a more conscious mindset or variability in self-efficacy, but BJW was overall positively associated with career prospects. Expand
We Blame Innocent Victims More Than I Do: Self-Construal Level Moderates Responses to Just-World Threats
TLDR
It is concluded that self-construal levels are important to understanding the justice motive. Expand
Can the absence of prejudice be more threatening than its presence? It depends on one's worldview.
TLDR
People's beliefs about the fairness of the status system moderated their experiences of threat during intergroup interactions, indicated both by cardiovascular responses and nonverbal behavior. Expand
A meta-analytic integration of research on the relationship between right-wing ideological attitudes and aggressive tendencies
ABSTRACT Many studies have investigated the relationship between ideological attitudes and aggressive tendencies. The present meta-analytic integration of research on this relationship included dataExpand
WHO DO I HELP? AN EXPERIMENTAL EXAMINATION OF DOMINANT IDEOLOGY THREAT, GROUP MEMBERSHIP, AND PROSOCIAL BEHAVIOR
The American dream ideology (ADI) consists of working hard, taking responsibility for oneself, and being rewarded for those efforts. Therefore, the ADI precludes asking for help. The current projectExpand
Belief in a just world: research progress over the past decade
This paper reviews the literature on just world beliefs (BJW) and updates two previous reviews Lerner & Miller (1978), Furnham & Proctor (1989). Four broad areas of development were identified.Expand
Authoritarianism is good for you: Right‐wing authoritarianism as a buffering factor for mental distress
Although common knowledge seems to agree that authoritarianism is ‘bad to the self’, previous studies yielded inconclusive results with respect to the relationship between authoritarianism and mentalExpand
System justification, work ethic, and just-world beliefs: A motivated reasoning perspective
This document summarizes my program of research that utilized a motivated reasoning perspective to examine factors that contribute to prejudice, discrimination and victim blame. After brieflyExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 55 REFERENCES
The Importance of Distinguishing the Belief in a Just World for Self Versus for Others: Implications for Psychological Well-Being
Studies have shown that the belief in a just world (BJW) is related to psychological well-being. The authors suggest that studies exploring this relationship might benefit by making the distinctionExpand
Belief in a just world: Review and critique of the individual difference literature.
This article attempts a critical review of the literature on self-reported just world beliefs a decade after the last major review. The main focus of the review is on the relationship betweenExpand
Why it won't happen to me: perceptions of risk factors and susceptibility.
  • N. Weinstein
  • Medicine
  • Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
  • 1984
TLDR
Perceptions of susceptibility to health and safety risks, factors that subjects see as important in determining their susceptibility, and subjects' actual standing on objective risk factors are examined to explain why risks thought to be controllable are likely to evoke unrealistic optimism about susceptibility. Expand
Risk perception and behavior: pessimism, realism, and optimism about AIDS-related health behavior
Abstract This study investigates the perceived risk of becoming infected with HIV for heterosexuals with multiple sexual partners, examines cognitive and motivational antecedents of biases in riskExpand
Stress, social support, and the buffering hypothesis.
TLDR
There is evidence consistent with both main effect and main effect models for social support, but each represents a different process through which social support may affect well-being. Expand
Belief in a Just World and Attitudes Toward Immigrants and Foreign Workers: A Cultural Comparison Between Hawaii and Germany
University students in Hawaii (N= 171) and in Germany (N= 61) completed the 6-item Belief in a Just World Scale (BJWS; Dalbert, Montada, & Schmitt, 1987), an instrument developed in Germany toExpand
Beliefs in a Just World, Discontent, and Assertive Actions by Working Women
Seventy working women completed a questionnaire that assessed their dissatisfaction with their own job situation (personal discontent), their dissatisfaction with the job situations of women as aExpand
Illusion and well-being: a social psychological perspective on mental health.
TLDR
Research suggesting that certain illusions may be adaptive for mental health and well-being is reviewed, examining evidence that a set of interrelated positive illusions—namely, unrealistically positive self-evaluations, exaggerated perceptions of control or mastery, and unrealistic optimism—can serve a wide variety of cognitive, affective, and social functions. Expand
Success and failure as determinants of level of authoritarianism.
TLDR
This hypothesis that the more threatening an individual's environment is, the more authoritarian he is likely to be is investigated and appears to support the contention that personality is an open system. Expand
Who believes in a just world
Research with the Just World Scale has indicated that many people believe that the world is a place where good people are rewarded and bad people are punished. Believers in a just world have beenExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...