Corpus ID: 5953337

Perception of the merging tones in Hong Kong Cantonese : preliminary data on monosyllables

  title={Perception of the merging tones in Hong Kong Cantonese : preliminary data on monosyllables},
  author={Peggy Pik Ki Mok and Peggy Wong},
Traditionally, there are six lexical tones (T) in Cantonese, but some tone pairs appear to be merging in Hong Kong Cantonese. Some young speakers do not distinguish the two rising tones T2/T5, or the two level tones T3/T6, or the low falling and low level tones T4/T6. 16 potential mergers and 11 control subjects participated in a perception experiment with an AX discrimination task using monosyllables. Both accuracy rate and reaction time were measured. Results show that the potential mergers… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Development of tonal discrimination in young heritage speakers of Cantonese
The divergence in heritage speakers’ phonological development compared to majority language speakers is illustrated, and the relevance of the PAM-S and LILt to the heritage language context is shown. Expand
Perceptual cues used by tone mergers in Guangzhou Cantonese : a preliminary study
Guangzhou Cantonese has a rich tonal system. It has six contrastive tones: High level (T1), High rising (T2), Mid level (T3), Low falling (T4), Low rising (T5) and Low level (T6). It is generallyExpand
The Mechanism of Rising Tone Merger in Hong Kong Cantonese: An Acoustic Approach
Hong Kong Cantonese (HKC) stands out from other tone languages in the world by having a rich system of tonal contrast. There are six contrastive tones in standard HKC, namely high level, high rising,Expand
Acoustic Analysis of the New Rising Tone in Hong Kong Cantonese
This study investigated the acoustic characteristics of the rising tones produced by three mergers and three non-mergers identified in the previous study, and characterized the mechanism of this tone merger. Expand
Effects of L1 tone on perception of L2 tone - a study of Mandarin tone learning by native Cantonese children*
In the present study, the Perceptual Assimilation Model (PAM) was tested on its applicability in child L2 lexical tone acquisition. The possible effect of L1 (Cantonese) lexical tones on L2Expand
The Effect of Language Attrition on Low Level Tone in Hakka
This study examines the sound change of low level tone in Hakka, and compares the change with similar tonal mergers in Cantonese and Taiwanese. The Hakka low level tone largely merges intoExpand
Perception of Cantonese Tones by Mandarin, English and French Speakers
How the L1 prosodic systems syllabletogether with psychoacoustic similarity affect the way naive listeners attend to non-native tones is explored to explain the perceptual differences across different L1 speakers. Expand
Effects of Tone Merging and Musical Training on Cantonese Tone Perception
This study investigates whether musical training can facilitate lexical tone perception of native speakers of a tone language. Some Cantonese tone pairs, T2/T5 (rising), T3/T6 (level), T4/T6 (fallingExpand
The Tonal Space of Contrastive Five Level Tones
The tonal registers model proposed in this article sheds light on the different uses of non-modal phonations across languages and investigates the tonal dispersion of a multiple-level tone system. Expand
Cantonese-Speaking Children Do Not Acquire Tone Perception before Tone Production—A Perceptual and Acoustic Study of Three-Year-Olds' Monosyllabic Tones
Contrary to the view that children master lexical tones earlier than segmental phonemes, 3-year-old children could not perceive or produce any Cantonese tone with adult-like proficiency and incorrect tone productions were acoustically different from criterion. Expand


Variation and merger of the rising tones in Hong Kong Cantonese
Two male speakers of Hong Kong Cantonese varied the endpoints of High Rising and Mid-Low Rising tones and merged them in both directions under experimental conditions. The variation and merger of theExpand
Perceptual correlates of Cantonese tones
Measurements related to average f0 level and f0 change over eight consecutive sections of the whole vocalic segment, for their roles as both acoustic and perceptual correlates of Cantonese lexical tones, correspond well with description of tones based on Wang's phonological features. Expand
The development of the perception of Cantonese lexical tones
This study investigated the development of Cantonese tone perception. Fifteen listeners were tested for each of four age groups: 4, 6 and 10 years old and adults. The stimuli were the six contrastiveExpand
Tonal Distinctions in Cantonese
  • T. Vance
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Phonetica
  • 1977
The results accord fairly well with straightforward predictions made from the impressionistic accounts, but there is one major exception: it appears that something in addition to differences in Fo is involved in distinguishing the low-low tone from the other tones. Expand
Assessing the accuracy of production of Cantonese lexical tones: a comparison between perceptual judgement and an instrumental measure
Abstract The assessment of the accuracy of Cantonese tone production can be performed by either perceptual judgement or an instrumental measure. The latter method, however, has not been investigatedExpand
Age effect in tonal comprehension in Cantonese
Subjects drawn from three age bands completed a lexical comprehension test for Cantonese. The test required subjects to select a target word from three distractors. Age effects emerged on the test.Expand
The acquisition of phonology by Cantonese-speaking children.
  • L. So, B. Dodd
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of child language
  • 1995
The phoneme repertoires and phonological error patterns used by 268 Cantonese-speaking children as well as a longitudinal study of tone acquisition are described, consistent with the hypothesis that the ambient language influences the implementation of universal tendencies in phonological acquisition. Expand
The results show that lexical factors do influence suprasegmental production in Cantonese and that the overall tone space of lowfrequency words is more expanded than that of their high-frequency counterparts. Expand
Phonetically motivated parallels between child phonology and historical sound change
Abstract There is a long history of speculation in linguistic about the role of children, i.e., first language learners, in sound change. Many assume that the child is the initiator of sound change.Expand
Modern Cantonese Phonology
The economic boom of Southeast China has given both the region and its language an unprecedented importance. This volume presents an analysis of modern Cantonese, it describes the consonants, vowelsExpand