Perceived timing of vestibular stimulation relative to touch, light and sound

  title={Perceived timing of vestibular stimulation relative to touch, light and sound},
  author={Michael Barnett-Cowan and Laurence R. Harris},
  journal={Experimental Brain Research},
Different senses have different processing times. Here we measured the perceived timing of galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) relative to tactile, visual and auditory stimuli. Simple reaction times for perceived head movement (438 ± 49 ms) were significantly longer than to touches (245 ± 14 ms), lights (220 ± 13 ms), or sounds (197 ± 13 ms). Temporal order and simultaneity judgments both indicated that GVS had to occur about 160 ms before other stimuli to be perceived as simultaneous with… 
Persistent perceptual delay for head movement onset relative to auditory stimuli of different durations and rise times
The persistent lead time required for vestibular stimulation provides further evidence that the perceptual latency of vestibul stimulation is greater than the other senses.
Gain and phase of perceived virtual rotation evoked by electrical vestibular stimuli.
These estimated gain and phase spectra for vestibular perception are a first step toward generating well-controlled virtual vestibULAR percepts, an endeavor that may reveal the usefulness of GVS in the areas of clinical assessment, neuroprosthetics, and virtual reality.
Velocity influences the relative contributions of visual and vestibular cues to self-acceleration
The hypothesis that velocity of optic flow can alter the relative contribution of visual and vestibular cues to the detection of self-acceleration is supported.
Influence of Sensory Conflict on Perceived Timing of Passive Rotation in Virtual Reality.
Integration of incoming sensory signals from multiple modalities is central in the determination of self-motion perception. With the emergence of consumer virtual reality (VR), it is becoming
Temporal processing of active and passive head movement
The unexpected additional delay in processing the timing of an active head movement is compatible with the suppression hypothesis and is discussed in relation to suppression of vestibular signals during self-generated head movement.
Effect of timing delay between visual and vestibular stimuli on heading perception.
The amount of bias varied between subjects the effect of delay was similar, and the mean bias was much diminished with temporal misalignments of ±500 ms, and there was no longer any visual influence on the inertial heading when the visual stimulus was delayed by 1,000 ms or more.
Perceived timing of a postural perturbation
Fore–aft translation aftereffects
  • B. Crane
  • Psychology, Biology
    Experimental Brain Research
  • 2012
It is demonstrated that perception of vestibular stimuli depends on prior motion, which has important implications for understanding and quantifying Vestibular perception.
Vestibular and Multi-Sensory Influences Upon Self-Motion Perception and the Consequences for Human Behavior
The wide-ranging influences of the vestibular system and self-motion perception upon behavior, namely eye movement, postural control, and spatial awareness are demonstrated as well as new discoveries that such perception can impact upon numerical cognition, human affect, and bodily self-consciousness are demonstrated.


Adaptation to audiotactile asynchrony
Simultaneity Constancy
Almost complete compensation was found in all conditions tested, showing that these substantial but predictable variations in timing can be taken into account in creating simultaneity constancy.
Audiotactile temporal order judgments.
The effect of exposure to asynchronous audio, visual, and tactile stimulus combinations on the perception of simultaneity
It is suggested that the neural correlates of multisensory sound/light processing are resynchronised by a separate, more flexible simultaneity constancy mechanism than the light/touch or the sound/touch simultaneity processing systems.
Simultaneity constancy: detecting events with touch and vision
Reaction times to touches and lights on different parts of the body and the perceived subjective simultaneity (PSS) for various combinations were measured, suggesting multiple parallel simultaneity constancy mechanisms.
Probing the human vestibular system with galvanic stimulation.
The hypothesis that the otolithic component of the balance response originates from only the pars medialis of the utricular macula is proposed and a model that explains the observed balance responses is developed.
Perception of Temporal Order of Stimuli Differing in Sense Mode and Simple Reaction Time
Judgments of temporal order (method of constant stimuli) were obtained as a function of the delay between the onset of a visual and an auditory stimulus. Simple reaction times were also obtained to
The primal role of the vestibular system in determining musical rhythm
Latency and initiation of the human vestibuloocular reflex to pulsed galvanic stimulation.
Pulsed GVS is a promising technique to investigate latency and initiation of the human vestibuloocular reflex because it does not require a large mechanical apparatus nor does it pose problems of head inertia or slippage.
Functional MRI of galvanic vestibular stimulation.
Using a simple paradigm, it is shown that GVS can be implemented safely in the fMRI environment and Manipulating stimulus waveforms and thus the GVS-induced subjective vestibular sensations in future imaging studies may yield further insights into the cortical processing of Vestibular signals.