Perceived stress and risk of any osteoporotic fracture

@article{Pedersen2016PerceivedSA,
  title={Perceived stress and risk of any osteoporotic fracture},
  author={Alma Becic Pedersen and Lisbeth Munksgaard Baggesen and Vera Ehrenstein and Lars Pedersen and Mathias Lasgaard and Ellen M Mikkelsen},
  journal={Osteoporosis International},
  year={2016},
  volume={27},
  pages={2035-2045}
}
SummaryPerceived stress is associated with several adverse health outcomes; however, little is known about the impact of stress on fracture risk. [] Key MethodMethodsA 2006 population-based health survey in the Central Danish Region (with 1.25 million inhabitants) was used to identify 7943 persons who were 55 years or older on the survey date and completed the Perceived Stress Scale. Individuals were categorized into two groups: high level of stress and low level of stress (including no stress).

Post-traumatic stress disorder and incident fractures in the Danish population

The findings suggest that PTSD is associated with increased fracture risk, and little evidence of effect measure modification of the association between PTSD and fractures is found in stratified analyses.

Physical Activity and Psychosocial Factors Associated With Risk of Future Fractures in Middle‐Aged Men and Women

Even moderate levels of leisure‐time physical activity in middle age are associated with lower risk of future fractures, and heavy work, living alone, smoking, and no or high alcohol consumption increase the risk of fracture.

Associations between bone fractures and post-traumatic stress disorder after the Great East Japan Earthquake in the older adult: a prospective cohort study from the Fukushima Health Management Survey

It is indicated that chronic psychological stress caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake could have contributed to increased fracture risk in the older adult and understanding bone mineral density, offering active psychological care to reduce psychosocial stress, and providing sleep guidance are important for preventing fractures in older adult residents, particularly those in evacuation areas.

Is there association between stress and periodontitis?

The results showed that an association exists between stress and periodontitis, signaling the necessity of a multidisciplinary attention when considering the psychological status in the management of oral and general health conditions of the individual.

Potential mechanisms linking psychological stress to bone health

In conclusion, chronic psychological stress should be recognised as a risk factor of osteoporosis and stress-coping methods should be incorporated as part of the comprehensive osteopsorosis-preventing strategy.

Postnatal Social Factors: The Epigenome and the Skeleton

Although the transgenerational transmission of epigenetic marks in mammals is unclear, the capability of environmental influences to determine the epigenome of the exposed individual and his/her offspring underscores the need of building the healthiest possible physical and psychological environment.

The Use of Antidepressive Agents and Bone Mineral Density in Women: A Meta-Analysis

The global result of the literature review and meta-analysis was that the use of antidepressive agents was not associated with lower or higher BMD, which applies to both SSRIs and TCAs and to all measurement locations.

Comparison between locked and unlocked intramedullary nails in intertrochanteric fractures

This study demonstrates that in intertrochanteric 31-A1 and31-A2 stable fractures, the absence of distal locking screw does not compromise bone healing and prevents several clinical complications.

Intersectionality and trauma analysis in bioarchaeology.

It is demonstrated that a broken bone is the intersecting result of biological, histomorphological, sociocultural, and behavioral factors, which allows for a better acknowledgement of the inherent complexity of past lives, elevating and amplifying previously silenced voices.

Missing data and multiple imputation in clinical epidemiological research

Multiple imputation is an alternative method to deal withMissing data, which accounts for the uncertainty associated with missing data, and provides unbiased and valid estimates of associations based on information from the available data.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 45 REFERENCES

Association of stressful life events with incident falls and fractures in older men: the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) Study.

Stressed life events significantly increased risk of incident falls independent of other explanatory variables, but did not independently increase incident fracture risk in this cohort of older men.

Epidemiology of falls and osteoporotic fractures: a systematic review

Fall rates are higher in women than in men in Western community-dwelling populations and lower in East Asian populations.

Risk factors for hip fractures. A review.

Risk factors for hip fracture have been reviewed based on case-control and prospective follow-up studies and indicate that the prevention of hip fractures is realistic, even in the elderly and definitely osteoporotic population when these fundamental risk factors are modified.

Major life events as antecedents to hip fracture.

Older persons who had sustained a fall-related traumatic hip fracture experienced an increased number of major life events compared with a nonfracture population sample of community-dwelling elderly controls.

Osteoporosis in the European Union: medical management, epidemiology and economic burden

In spite of the high social and economic cost of osteoporosis, a substantial treatment gap and projected increase of the economic burden driven by the aging populations, the use of pharmacological interventions to prevent fractures has decreased in recent years, suggesting that a change in healthcare policy is warranted.

The relationship of depression, anxiety and stress with low bone mineral density in post-menopausal women

The findings provide supporting evidence for the existence of associations between mood variables and decreased BMD.

A systematic review of hip fracture incidence and probability of fracture worldwide

Worldwide, there are marked variations in hip fracture rates and in the 10-year probability of major osteoporotic fractures that cannot be explained by the often multiple sources of error in the ascertainment of cases or the catchment population.

Comorbidity and mortality following hip fracture: a population-based cohort study

Hip fracture increased 1-year mortality more than 3-fold compared with mortality without hip fracture, and the presence of selected comorbidities further increased the risk of mortality after hip fracture among hip fracture subjects.

Does the perception that stress affects health matter? The association with health and mortality.

Both higher levels of reported stress and the perception that stress affects health were independently associated with an increased likelihood of worse health and mental health outcomes.

Use of Oral Corticosteroids and Risk of Fractures

The results quantify the increased fracture risk during oral corticosteroid therapy, with greater effects on the hip and spine than forearm, which has implications for the use of preventative agents against bone loss in patients at highest risk.