Perceived social support from team-mates: Direct and stress-buffering effects on self-confidence

  title={Perceived social support from team-mates: Direct and stress-buffering effects on self-confidence},
  author={Paul Freeman and Tim Rees},
  journal={European Journal of Sport Science},
  pages={59 - 67}
  • P. Freeman, T. Rees
  • Published 1 January 2010
  • Psychology
  • European Journal of Sport Science
Abstract In this study, we wished to determine whether the perceived support available from team-mates predicts levels of self-confidence. Four dimensions of support were examined: emotional, esteem, informational, and tangible. The sample consisted of 152 university athletes (74 females, 78 males) with a mean age of 20.1 years (s=1.4). Participants completed measures of perceived support, stressors, and self-confidence at the training session before an important match. Moderated hierarchical… 
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