Perceived racism and mental health among Black American adults: a meta-analytic review.

@article{Pieterse2012PerceivedRA,
  title={Perceived racism and mental health among Black American adults: a meta-analytic review.},
  author={Alex L Pieterse and Nathan R. Todd and Helen A. Neville and Robert T. Carter},
  journal={Journal of counseling psychology},
  year={2012},
  volume={59 1},
  pages={
          1-9
        }
}
The literature indicates that perceived racism tends to be associated with adverse psychological and physiological outcomes; however, findings in this area are not yet conclusive. In this meta-analysis, we systematically reviewed 66 studies (total sample size of 18,140 across studies), published between January 1996 and April 2011, on the associations between racism and mental health among Black Americans. Using a random-effects model, we found a positive association between perceived racism… 

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