Perceived discrimination and early substance abuse among American Indian children.

@article{Whitbeck2001PerceivedDA,
  title={Perceived discrimination and early substance abuse among American Indian children.},
  author={Les B. Whitbeck and Dan R. Hoyt and Barbara J. McMorris and Xianglei Chen and Jerry D Stubben},
  journal={Journal of health and social behavior},
  year={2001},
  volume={42 4},
  pages={405-24}
}
This study investigated internalizing and externalizing symptoms as potential mediators of the relationship between perceived discrimination and early substance abuse among 195 American Indian 5 through 8 graders from three reservations that share a common culture (e.g., language, spiritual beliefs, and traditional practices) in the upper Midwest. The findings indicated that, although perceived discrimination contributed significantly to internalizing symptoms among the adolescents… CONTINUE READING

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