Perceived control and health

  title={Perceived control and health},
  author={Kenneth A Wallston and Barbara Strudler Wallston and Shelton Smith and Carolyn J. Dobbins},
  journal={Current Psychology},
Perceived control (PC) is defined as thebelief that one can determine one’s own internal states and behavior, influence one’s environment, and/or bring about desired outcomes. Two important dimensions of PC are delineated: (1) whether the object of control is located in the past or the future and (2) whether the object of control is over outcome, behavior, or process. A variety of constructs and measures of PC (e.g., efficacy, attribution, and locus of control) are discussed in relation to… 

A Measure of Control

  • P. StalmeierR. Hamm
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Medical decision making : an international journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
  • 2011
In their reflection of different ways in which parents experienced their control in deciding about their child’s treatment, the scales are remarkably similar to the factors of the Health Locus of Control Scale (HLOC), discussed above.

Development and Validation of a Scale of Perceived Control Across Multiple Domains

The importance of perceived control in people's lives is vast. Indeed, there is much research to support the notion that the perception of control is as important, if not more important, than actual

Development and Validation of a Scale to Measure Perceived Control of Internal States

  • J. Pallant
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality assessment
  • 2000
The results of 2 studies are reported, supporting the reliability, construct, and incremental validity of the Perceived Control of Internal States Scale.

Multidimensional Health Locus of Control: Comments on the Construct and its Measurement

It is argued that MHLC has supplied health psychology with essential insights and has offered a great deal of intellectual stimulation, but for some applications, different constructs might be more promising, in particular when it comes to predicting health behavior change.

Determinants of Maintaining a Daily Yoga Practice: Health Locus of Control and Self-determination Theory Perspective

  • A. McKinney
  • Psychology, Medicine
    International journal of yoga
  • 2020
The Mysore system of yoga appears to facilitate sustained health-related behavior; it is suggested that health promotion should acknowledge the three aspects of self-determination theory: competence, autonomy, and relatedness, while focusing on the increasing intrinsic motivation and internalizing HLOC.

Perceptions of Control in Vulnerable Populations

A lack of control is a critical social issue when it is experienced by individuals who already have little opportunity to exercise control; thus, this journal issue brings together research on a

The interaction of locus of control, self-efficacy, and outcome expectancy in relation to HbA1c in medically underserved individuals with type 2 diabetes

For patients with low self-efficacy and high outcome expectancy, higher scores on internal locus of control were related to poorer HbA1c levels, while future research examining perceived control constructs may benefit from investigating the interacting effects of such variables when evaluating health behaviors.

Appraisal of Desire for Control over Healthcare: Structure, Stability, and Relation to Health Locus of Control and to the ‘Big Five’ Personality Traits

Confirmatory factor analysis of the data indicated that desire for healthcare control is best conceptualized as having three separate components, suggesting that the factors represent largely situation-specific traits.



Refinements in the Measurement of Health-Specific Locus-of-Control Beliefs

A health-specific locus-of-control (HLC) questionnaire was constructed to measure beliefs about Self-Control Over Health, Provider Control over Health, Chance Health Outcomes and General Health Threat, and some applications of the questionnaire are discussed.

Measuring desire for control of health care processes.

Three known-groups studies were conducted to obtain discriminant validity information among potential self-report measures of the construct desire for control over health care processes, and none of the measures could adequately distinguish those who had signed a Living Will from those who did not intend to sign one.

[Personal control and stress and coping processes: a theoretical analysis].

  • S. Folkman
  • Psychology
    Kango kenkyu. The Japanese journal of nursing research
  • 1988

Changing the world and changing the self: A two-process model of perceived control.

There is extensive evidence that people strongly value and are reluctant to relinquish the perception of control. Yet, both helplessness and locus of control theorists interpret various "inward"

Aging and health: effects of the sense of control.

Mechanisms mediating the control-health relation include feelings of stress, symptom labeling, changes in the neuroendocrine and immune systems, and behavior relevant to health maintenance.

Beliefs about Control and Health Behavior

The desire to control one’s environment and the events in one’s life is a very general human motive. It plays a central role in several basic (although very different) theories of personality and

Locus of control as a stress moderator: The role of control perceptions and social support

The study investigated the effects of locus of control beliefs as an individual difference variable on the relationship between negative life events and psychological disorder, perceptions of control overnegative life events, and the receipt and impact of social support, and found that externality was positively related to the quantity of support received.

Competence, contingency, and the development of perceived control.

A critical examination of the LOC scales reveals that some developmental findings may be artifacts of scale characteristics, and that others may reflect developmental effects on constructs other than perceived control.

Some Problems and Misconceptions Related to the Construct of Internal Versus External Control of Reinforcement

Research involving perceived internal versus external control of reinforcement as a personality variable has been expanding at a rapid rate. It seems clear that for some investigators there are

Effects of control and predictability on the physical and psychological well-being of the institutionalized aged.

  • R. Schulz
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1976
It was found that predictable and controllable positive events have a powerful positive impact upon the well-being of the institutionalized aged.