Perceived behavioral control, self-efficacy, locus of control, and the theory of planned behavior.

@article{Ajzen2002PerceivedBC,
  title={Perceived behavioral control, self-efficacy, locus of control, and the theory of planned behavior.},
  author={Icek Ajzen},
  journal={Journal of Applied Social Psychology},
  year={2002},
  volume={32},
  pages={665-683}
}
  • I. Ajzen
  • Published 1 April 2002
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Conceptual and methodological ambiguities surrounding the concept of perceived behavioral control are clarified. It is shown that perceived control over performance of a behavior, though comprised of separable components that reflect beliefs about self-efficacy and about controllability, can nevertheless be considered a unitary latent variable in a hierarchical factor model. It is further argued that there is no necessary correspondence between self-efficacy and internal control factors, or… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Self-efficacy, Controllability and Intention in the Theory of Planned Behavior: Measurement Redundancy or Causal Independence?
Empirical research has identified two distinct item clusters used to measure perceived behavioral control (PBC) labeled self-efficacy and controllability. Self-efficacy has been reported as the
Perceived Behavioral Control in Reasoned Action Theory
The inclusion of perceptions of control over behavioral performance has importantly advanced the ability of reasoned action theory to explain behavioral intentions and predict behavior. In
Differentiating motivation and control in the Theory of Planned Behavior
Ajzen has distinguished between self-efficacy (i.e., confidence, ease-difficulty) and controllability (i.e., control, up to me) item clusters when measuring perceived behavioural control (PBC).
Distinguishing among perceived control, perceived difficulty, and self-efficacy as determinants of intentions and behaviours.
TLDR
Three studies are presented with a primary goal of distinguishing PC, PD, and SE from each other, and a secondary goal of determining which of the three is the superior predictor of health-related intentions and behaviours.
Perceptions of Efficacy, Control, and Risk: A Theory of Mixed Control
Based on the aggregated insights of the existing theories related to multiple sources of efficacy and locus of control, we introduce the theory of mixed control, a model of compound-risk perception.
Control and Expectancy: Locus of Control as a Predictor of Psychological Entitlement
Utilizing Vroom’s (1964) Expectancy Theory as a foundation, we suggested that locus of control has a significant impact on psychological entitlement. An additional hypothesis suggested that
Roles of Perceived Use Control consisting of Perceived Ease of Use and Perceived Controllability in IT acceptance
According to technology acceptance model(TAM) which is one of the most important research models for explaining IT users' behavior, an intention of using IT is determined by usefulness and ease of
Perceived difficulty in the theory of planned behaviour: perceived behavioural control or affective attitude?
TLDR
The findings suggest that at least under some circumstances it may be inadequate to measure perceived behavioural control by means of perceived difficulty, and one possible consequence may be that the role of PBC as a predictor of intention is somewhat overestimated, whereas the roles of instrumental and affective attitudes may be similarly underestimated.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 46 REFERENCES
Effect of perceived controllability and performance standards on self-regulation of complex decision making.
TLDR
Path analyses revealed that perceived self-efficacy, which was affected by prior accomplishments, influenced subsequent organizational performance through its effects on analytic strategies and enhanced organizational attainments directly and through mediation of analytic strategies.
Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change☆☆☆
Distinguishing between perceived behavioral control and self-efficacy in the domain of academic achievement intentions and behaviors
We examined whether perceived behavioral control (PBC) and self-efficacy (S-E) can be distinguished empirically, and whether they make different contributions to the prediction of intentions and
The theory of planned behaviour: Assessment of predictive validity and 'perceived control
The theory of planned behaviour (TPB) has received considerable attention in the literature. However, there have been few attempts to assess the proposed causal links between beliefs, attitudes,
The theory of planned behaviour: the effects of perceived behavioural control and self-efficacy.
TLDR
Support for the view that separate measures of self-efficacy and perceived behavioural control should be employed in the theory of planned behaviour is revealed, with confirmatory factor analysis revealing that the two variables could be empirically distinguished.
Efficacy of the Theory of Planned Behaviour: a meta-analytic review.
TLDR
A quantitative integration and review of research on the Theory of Planned Behaviour and the subjective norm, which found that intentions and self-predictions were better predictors of behaviour than attitude, subjective norm and PBC.
Cognitive processes mediating behavioral change.
TLDR
Self-efficacy was a uniformly accurate predictor of performance on tasks of varying difficulty with different threats regardless of whether the changes in self- efficacy were produced through enactive mastery or by vicarious experience alone.
The dimensional structure of the perceived behavioral control construct
Following concerns in the literature about the conceptualization and operationalization of the perceived behavioral control (PBC) construct within the Theory of planned behavior (Ajzen, 1985, 1991),
...
...