Perceived Risks and Benefits of Sex Work among Transgender Women of Color in San Francisco

@article{Sausa2007PerceivedRA,
  title={Perceived Risks and Benefits of Sex Work among Transgender Women of Color in San Francisco},
  author={Lydia A. Sausa and JoAnne Keatley and Don Operario},
  journal={Archives of Sexual Behavior},
  year={2007},
  volume={36},
  pages={768-777}
}
Prior research has shown that male-to-female (MTF) transgender women of color in the United States have a high rate of HIV infection and often engage in sex work for economic survival. With the exception of studies on HIV prevalence and behavioral risk, little research exists to elucidate the social context and determinants of sex work and related health risks among these women. Through a qualitative analysis of seven focus groups with 48 transgender women of color, we examined why and how… Expand

Topics from this paper

Transgender Female Youth and Sex Work: HIV Risk and a Comparison of Life Factors Related to Engagement in Sex Work
TLDR
HIV prevention efforts for this population need to include broad-based approaches that take into account individual, social, and community-level factors relevant to the lives of transgender female youth. Expand
Sex work, social support, and stigma: Experiences of transgender women in the Dominican Republic
Abstract Background: Transgender populations, and especially those in resource-limited settings, are at an elevated risk of experiencing stigma and discrimination. Aims: This study sought to examineExpand
HIV Risk and Social Networks Among Male‐to‐Female Transgender Sex Workers in Boston, Massachusetts
TLDR
Results suggest that interventions with transgender male‐to‐female sex workers must be at multiple levels and address the psychosocial and environmental contexts in which sexual risk behavior occurs. Expand
Practices of receptive and insertive anal sex among transgender women in relation to partner types, sociocultural factors, and background variables
TLDR
It was revealed that transgender women who had engaged in URAS with commercial partners were more likely to have higher levels of transphobia or lower levels of the norms or self-efficacy to practice safe sex, and an HIV prevention intervention study must be developed and evaluated, which aims to reduce HIV-positive and -negative transgender women's URAS and UIAS. Expand
Sex Work Among Men Who Have Sex with Men and Transgender Women in Bogotá
TLDR
Findings revealed that many participants began doing sex work in the period immediately after displacement, because of a lack of money, housing, and social support, and HIV risk was greater during this time due to limited knowledge of HIV and inexperience negotiating safer sex with clients. Expand
Alcohol Use, High Risk Behaviors, and Experiences of Discrimination Among Transgender Women in the Dominican Republic
TLDR
Findings suggest that although anti-discrimination laws exist, policies may not protect transgender women from experiencing stigma and discrimination at work, potentially forcing them to seek alternative careers and engage in behaviors that expose them to greater personal risk and harm. Expand
The conflation of gender and sex: Gaps and opportunities in HIV data among transgender women and MSM
TLDR
Using data sets from quantitative studies among MSM and trans women and qualitative in-depth interviews with 30 trans women in Baltimore, what these data tell us about similarities and differences in HIV vulnerability between the two groups are explored. Expand
Young Transgender Women of Color: Homelessness, Poverty, Childhood Sexual Abuse and Implications for HIV Care
TLDR
Programs that place basic needs first—food and shelter—may be able to engage and assist young transgender women of color with HIV to survive and live healthier lives. Expand
HIV risk and preventive interventions in transgender women sex workers
TLDR
The evidence and knowledge gaps that affect the HIV epidemic in TSW are summarized, a deterministic model based on findings related to HIV risks and interventions is developed, and a research agenda to improve HIV services and policies is proposed. Expand
HIV Risk Perception, HIV Knowledge, and Sexual Risk Behaviors among Transgender Women in South Florida
TLDR
More research is needed with a larger sample size to continue studying factors that contribute to sexual risk behaviors in the understudied population of transgender women. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 35 REFERENCES
HIV risk behaviors among male-to-female transgender persons of color in San Francisco.
TLDR
Findings on current risk behaviors among MTF transgender persons provided meaningful implications for HIV prevention interventions. Expand
HIV risk behaviours among male-to-female transgenders in comparison with homosexual or bisexual males and heterosexual females.
TLDR
Transgendered females engaged in riskier behaviours than the other groups in terms of the number of sex partners in the past 30 days and the past six months, commercial sex activities, and having a steady sex partner who injected drugs. Expand
Sexual risk behavior and substance use among a sample of Asian Pacific Islander transgendered women.
  • D. Operario, T. Nemoto
  • Medicine
  • AIDS education and prevention : official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
  • 2005
TLDR
It is suggested that API MTF transgenders are on the front line of HIV risk for the API community, and insight into factors within this group that might contribute to unsafe sex and substance use is provided. Expand
Transgender HIV prevention: a qualitative needs assessment.
TLDR
Findings indicated that HIV/AIDS compounds stigmatization related to transgender identity, interferes with sexual experimentation during the transgender 'coming out' process, and may interfere with obtaining sex reassignment. Expand
Cultural Factors Influencing HIV Risk Behavior Among Dominicans in New York City
TLDR
Findings from interviews with 20 Dominicans involved with drug-related or sex work-related activities in New York City are presented in terms of predominant cultural influences and specific issues regarding sex work, drug use, and HIV/AIDS. Expand
Gendered Sex Work in the San Francisco Tenderloin
TLDR
Examining gender differences in the work of 140 sex workers in the San Francisco Tenderloin, it is found that women do not suffer inequities of income, and transgenders are more like the men, although various aspect of their condition make for some uniquedifferences. Expand
Need for HIV/AIDS Education and Intervention for MTF Transgenders
TLDR
Future health programs for stigmatized gender minorities, such as MTF transgenders, will benefit from conducting descriptive studies to identify the health needs of the community, and by linking research scientists, health providers, and community agencies to form a collaborative network for delivering evidence-based and community sensitive services. Expand
HIV risk, seropositivity and predictors of infection among homeless and non-homeless women sex workers in Miami, Florida, USA
TLDR
Findings indicated that in comparison to non-homeless sex workers, significantly more homeless sex workers were daily users of alcohol and crack, and their past month sex work reflected significantly more frequent vaginal and oral sex acts, higher levels of unprotected vaginal sex and more numerous sexual activities while ‘high’ on drugs. Expand
HIV prevalence, risk behaviors, health care use, and mental health status of transgender persons: implications for public health intervention.
TLDR
High HIV prevalence suggests an urgent need for risk reduction interventions for male-to-female transgender persons and recent contact with medical providers was observed, suggesting that medical providers could provide an important link to needed prevention, health, and social services. Expand
Invisible Lives: The Erasure of Transsexual and Transgendered People
Through combined theoretical and empirical study, Viviane K. Namaste argues that transgendered people are not so much produced by medicine or psychiatry as they are erased, or made invisible, in aExpand
...
1
2
3
4
...