Perceived Parental Psychological Control and Exercise Dependence Symptoms in Competitive Athletes

  title={Perceived Parental Psychological Control and Exercise Dependence Symptoms in Competitive Athletes},
  author={Sebastiano Costa and Heather Ann Hausenblas and Patrizia Oliva and Francesca Cuzzocrea and Rosalba Larcan},
  journal={International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction},
The purpose of our study was to examine the effects of parental psychological control on exercise dependence symptoms in young competitive athletes by gender. Participants were 262 athletes (M age = 20.93, SD = 1.90, 51 % male athletes) who completed self-report questionnaires assessing socio-demographic characteristics, parental psychological control, exercise dependence symptoms, and exercise frequency. Consistent with our hypotheses, significant positive associations were found between… CONTINUE READING
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