Perceived Criminality, Criminal Background Checks, and the Racial Hiring Practices of Employers*

  title={Perceived Criminality, Criminal Background Checks, and the Racial Hiring Practices of Employers*},
  author={Harry J. Holzer and Steven Raphael and Michael A. Stoll},
  journal={The Journal of Law and Economics},
  pages={451 - 480}
In this paper, we analyze the effect of employer‐initiated criminal background checks on the likelihood that employers hire African Americans. We find that employers who check criminal backgrounds are more likely to hire African American workers, especially men. This effect is stronger among those employers who report an aversion to hiring those with criminal records than among those who do not. We also find similar effects of employer aversion to ex‐offenders and their tendency to check… Expand
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Job applicants with criminal records are much less likely than others to obtain legitimate employment. Recent efforts to address this problem include campaigns to persuade employers to hireExpand
Criminal background and job performance
Job applicants with criminal records are much less likely than others to obtain legitimate employment. Recent efforts to address this problem include campaigns to persuade employers to hireExpand
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Black Applicants, Black Employees, and Urban Labor Market Policy☆
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The Mark of a Criminal Record1
  • D. Pager
  • Medicine
  • American Journal of Sociology
  • 2003
The findings of this study reveal an important, and much underrecognized, mechanism of stratification in the criminal justice system, which presents a major barrier to employment, with important implications for racial disparities. Expand
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