The Lumenal Domain of Sec63p Stimulates the ATPase Activity of BiP and Mediates BiP Recruitment to the Translocon in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
The molecular chaperone BiP purified from bovine liver (bBiP) exhibits a low basal level of ATPase activity that can be stimulated 3-6-fold by synthetic peptides (Flynn, G. C., Chappell, T. G., and Rothman, J. E. (1989) Science 245, 385-390). By contrast, recombinant murine BiP (rBiP) purified to homogeneity following expression in Escherichia coli exhibits a higher basal level of ATPase activity and is much less stimulated by synthetic peptides. Nondenaturing gel electrophoresis showed that rBiP is predominantly monomeric, while bBiP exists in multiple forms probably corresponding to differentially modified monomeric, dimeric, and higher oligomeric species. Some, but not all, synthetic peptides cause conversion of the oligomeric and modified species of bBiP to a monomeric form. We propose that the peptide-dependent ATPase stimulation observed for BiP reflects the conversion of inactive oligomeric and/or modified species into active monomers.