[Peptidases in the kidney of male rats following castration and testosterone substitution].


The localization of aminopeptidase M (APM), dipeptidyl peptidase I (DAP I), II (DAP II) and IV (DAP IV) in the renal section was investigated histochemically, and their activities were determined fluorometrically in renal homogenate of normal, castrated and testosteron treated male rats.--After castration the activities of the lysosomal DAP II (pars convoluta of the proximal tubule), DAP I (distal and proximal tubule) and of the mainly membrane-bound DAP IV (glomeruli, brush border of the proximal tubule) increase in comparison to normal males, whereas the activities of the brush border-bound APM decrease. After testosteron treatment of castrated animals (0.1, 0.5 and 1.0 mg testosterone proprionate/100 g BW and day; 5-day treatment) the activities of DAP I, II and IV decrease again, so that after treatment with 0.1 mg testosterone proprionate, the activities of DAP I and II approach those in normal males.--The additionally determined urinary protein excretion shows that there is a significant decrease in proteinuria after castration, whereas testosterone treatment of castrated animals is accompanied by an increase of proteinuria.--Our results would suggest that the protein catabolism in the proximal tubule and the proteinuria are interrelated, and that testosterone influences (decreases) the protein catabolism in the proximal tubule. This means that high activities of lysosomal proteinases in the proximal tubule (castrates) are accompanied by a low proteinuria, and low activities of those proteinases (testosterone treated castrated or normal males) by a high proteinuria.

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@article{Hammerschmidt1984PeptidasesIT, title={[Peptidases in the kidney of male rats following castration and testosterone substitution].}, author={Robert Hammerschmidt and Peter N. Kugler}, journal={Zeitschrift für mikroskopisch-anatomische Forschung}, year={1984}, volume={98 1}, pages={137-53} }