People systematically overlook subtractive changes.

@article{Adams2021PeopleSO,
  title={People systematically overlook subtractive changes.},
  author={Gabrielle S. Adams and Benjamin A Converse and Andrew H. Hales and Leidy E Klotz},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2021},
  volume={592 7853},
  pages={
          258-261
        }
}
Improving objects, ideas or situations-whether a designer seeks to advance technology, a writer seeks to strengthen an argument or a manager seeks to encourage desired behaviour-requires a mental search for possible changes1-3. We investigated whether people are as likely to consider changes that subtract components from an object, idea or situation as they are to consider changes that add new components. People typically consider a limited number of promising ideas in order to manage the… 

A Preference for Revision Absent Objective Improvement

Things change. Things also get changed—often. Why? The obvious reason is that revising things often makes them better. We document a less obvious reason: revising things makes consumers think they

Incorporation of prior knowledge and habits while solving anagrams

Games and puzzles provide a valuable context for examining human problem- solving behavior. We recorded and analyzed the sequence of letters viewed by the participants of our study while they

What if Marie Kondo Wrote an Organizational Change Book? Making Space for Subtractive Change

  • D. Rousseau
  • Business
    The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science
  • 2021
Subtraction neglect is a real problem in our lives and organizations. Additive change, increasing the number of activities, tasks, and goals, is the unrelenting norm. Subtractive change removes

Bridge Design, Perception, and Emotion

Abstract Bridges are a paradigmatic case of human transformation of nature, and their design should always aspire to improve the quality of the built world. Even in the early stages of their history,

Perspectives on design creativity and innovation research: 10 years later

Ten years have passed since the preparation of the inaugural issue of the International Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation (IJDCI). The editors at that time collected the reflections and

Less Can Be More

My six-year-old son has a stubborn palate. Attempting to diversify his diet, my partner and I have tried it all. We've coated veggies in cheese, filled each compartment of his lunchtime bento boxes

Evaluating Implementation Contexts, Mechanisms, and Outcomes: A Normalization Process Theory Coding Manual for Qualitative Research and Instrument Development

A coding manual for NPT that is in accordance with realistic evaluation research was successfully produced and is now freely available to researchers who wish to use NPT in primary and secondary research that employs qualitative methods.

Exploring Inspiration Sets in a Data Programming Pipeline for Product Moderation

This study investigates methods for allowing product moderators to quickly modify the rules given their knowledge of the domain and, especially, of textual item descriptions, making possible fast and close control of classifiers that detect policy violations.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 18 REFERENCES

You can't not believe everything you read.

Three experiments support the hypothesis that comprehension includes an initial belief in the information comprehended, and prevent Ss from "unbelieving" the false information they automatically believed during comprehension.

The existence bias.

The authors demonstrate that people treat the mere existence of something as evidence of its goodness; the status quo is seen as good, right, attractive, tasty, and desirable.

Aspects of Endowment: A Query Theory of Value Construction

The authors provide a memory-based account of endowment, suggesting that people construct values by posing a series of queries whose order differs for sellers and choosers, and that these aspects predict valuations.

Counterfactual thinking.

  • N. Roese
  • Psychology
    Psychological bulletin
  • 1997
The author reviews research in support of the assertions that (a) counterfactual thinking is activated automatically in response to negative affect, (b) the content ofcounterfactuals targets particularly likely causes of misfortune, (c) counter Factuals produce negative affective consequences through a contrast-effect mechanism and positive inferential consequencesthrough a causal-inference mechanism, and (d) the net effect of counterfactUAL thinking is beneficial.

Understanding figurative language : from metaphors to idioms

This book examines how people understand utterances that are intended figuratively. Traditionally, figurative language such as metaphors and idioms has been considered derivative from more complex

Why Psychologists Should by Default Use Welch's t-test Instead of Student's t-test with Unequal Group Sizes

When comparing two independent groups, psychology researchers commonly use Student’s t -tests. Assumptions of normality and homogeneity of variance underlie this test. More often than not, when these

The Time Famine: Toward a Sociology of Work Time

This paper describes a qualitative study of how people use their time at work, why they use it this way, and whether their way of using time is optimal for them or their work groups. Results of a