People nominated as wise: a comparative study of wisdom-related knowledge.

@article{Baltes1995PeopleNA,
  title={People nominated as wise: a comparative study of wisdom-related knowledge.},
  author={Paul B. Baltes and Ursula M. Staudinger and Andreas Maercker and J. Smith},
  journal={Psychology and aging},
  year={1995},
  volume={10 2},
  pages={
          155-66
        }
}
This study examined whether our conception of wisdom has a psychological bias, by focusing on a group of distinguished individuals nominated as being wise. The comparison groups included older clinical psychologists and highly educated old and young control groups. Wisdom-related knowledge was assessed by 2 tasks and evaluated with a set of 5 wisdom criteria. First, old wisdom nominees performed as well as clinical psychologists who in past research had shown the highest levels of performance… 
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