People are variables too: multilevel structural equations modeling.

@article{Mehta2005PeopleAV,
  title={People are variables too: multilevel structural equations modeling.},
  author={Paras D Mehta and Michael C. Neale},
  journal={Psychological methods},
  year={2005},
  volume={10 3},
  pages={
          259-284
        }
}
The article uses confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) as a template to explain didactically multilevel structural equation models (ML-SEM) and to demonstrate the equivalence of general mixed-effects models and ML-SEM. An intuitively appealing graphical representation of complex ML-SEMs is introduced that succinctly describes the underlying model and its assumptions. The use of definition variables (i.e., observed variables used to fix model parameters to individual specific data values) is… CONTINUE READING

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