Pennsylvanian ‘fossil forests' in growth position (T0 assemblages): origin, taphonomic bias and palaeoecological insights

@article{DiMichele2011PennsylvanianF,
  title={Pennsylvanian ‘fossil forests' in growth position (T0 assemblages): origin, taphonomic bias and palaeoecological insights},
  author={William A. DiMichele and H. Falcon-Lang},
  journal={Journal of the Geological Society},
  year={2011},
  volume={168},
  pages={585 - 605}
}
Abstract: Fossil forests, buried in growth position in a geological instant (T0 assemblages) are far more abundant in Pennsylvanian successions than in any other part of the geological record. In this review paper, we evaluate the fundamental controls on the origin of these phenomena, investigate the taphonomic biases that influence their composition, and summarize their palaeoecological significance. Following earlier workers, we highlight that high rates of burial and accommodation are… Expand
Spatiotemporal relationships among Late Pennsylvanian plant assemblages: Palynological evidence from the Markley Formation, West Texas, U.S.A.
TLDR
The combined evidence suggests relatively close spatial proximity within a fragmenting and increasingly arid environment, and suggests a mosaic of dryland and wetland plant communities in the Late Pennsylvanian. Expand
Palaeoclimatic and site-specific conditions in the early Permian fossil forest of Chemnitz—Sedimentological, geochemical and palaeobotanical evidence
Abstract As significant indicators of deep-time palaeoclimate, a number of new palaeontological, pedological and geochemical characteristics are provided for the Chemnitz Fossil Lagerstatte to depictExpand
A calamitalean forest preserved in growth position in the Pennsylvanian coal measures of South Wales: Implications for palaeoecology, ontogeny and taphonomy
Abstract A newly discovered fossil forest is reported from Lower Pennsylvanian (late Langsettian) strata in the classic Amroth to Wiseman’s Bridge section of Pembrokeshire, South Wales. It comprisesExpand
Uplands, lowlands, and climate: Taphonomic megabiases and the apparent rise of a xeromorphic, drought-tolerant flora during the Pennsylvanian-Permian transition
Abstract The Late Mississippian and Pennsylvanian have been referred to as the Coal Age due to enormous paleotropical peat accumulations (coal beds). Numerous fossil floras have been collected fromExpand
Paleoecology of Early Pennsylvanian vegetation on a seasonally dry tropical landscape (Tynemouth Creek Formation, New Brunswick, Canada)
The distribution and community ecology of Early Pennsylvanian (middle Bashkirian, Langsettian) vegetation on a seasonally dry fluvial megafan is reconstructed from plant assemblages in the TynemouthExpand
A conifer-dominated palynological assemblage from Pennsylvanian (late Moscovian) alluvial drylands in Atlantic Canada: implications for the vegetation of tropical lowlands during glacial phases
Abstract: New research suggests that Pennsylvanian Coal Forests were commonly replaced by conifer-dominated vegetation during seasonally dry glacial phases. Here we describe palynological assemblagesExpand
Tree-ring analysis elucidating palaeo-environmental effects captured in an in situ fossil forest - The last 80 years within an early Permian ecosystem
Abstract The early Permian Chemnitz Fossil Lagerstatte (Leukersdorf Formation, Chemnitz Basin, SE Germany) represents a diverse T 0 assemblage of a fossil forest ecosystem around theExpand
A late Paleozoic fossil forest from the southern Andes, Argentina
Abstract An anatomical and ecological study of a Late Pennsylvanian–early Permian assemblage of silicified trunks from the San Ignacio Formation of southern Andean Cordillera is detailed. ThisExpand
USING MULTIPLE ENVIRONMENTAL PROXIES TO DETERMINE DEGREE OF MARINE INFLUENCE AND PALEOGEOGRAPHICAL POSITION OF THE JOGGINS FOSSIL CLIFFS, UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITE
Abstract The Joggins Fossil Cliffs site was selected as a UNESCO World Heritage site because of its unparalleled preservation of Pennsylvanian terrestrial organisms in their environmental context.Expand
Oceanic Island forests buried by Holocene (Meghalayan) explosive eruptions: palaeobiodiversity in pre-anthropic volcanic charcoal from Faial Island (Azores, Portugal) and its palaeoecological implications
Abstract In Faial Island (Azores Archipelago, North Atlantic Ocean), charcoalified and mummified wood fossils have been reported within late Holocene (Meghalayan) pyroclastic deposits from theExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 301 REFERENCES
An early Pennsylvanian waterhole deposit and its fossil biota in a dryland alluvial plain setting, Joggins, Nova Scotia
The terrestrial ecology of Pennsylvanian tropical wetlands is understood in detail, but coeval dryland ecosystems remain highly enigmatic. To fill this gap in our knowledge, a PennsylvanianExpand
The Relationship Between Continental Landscape Evolution and the Plant-Fossil Record: Long Term Hydrologic Controls on Preservation
Continental depositional environments preserve the majority of the macrofloral record since the advent of land-plant colonization in the mid-Paleozoic, and wetland representatives are encounteredExpand
Palaeoenvironments and palaeoecology of the Early Pennsylvanian Lancaster Formation (‘Fern Ledges’) of Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada
The Pennsylvanian Lancaster Formation (‘Fern Ledges’) of Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada contains a world-famous fossil biota. Largely unstudied since the works of Hartt, Dawson, Matthew, andExpand
Implications on the paleoecology of autochthonous lycopods in clastic sedimentary environments of the Early Pennsylvanian of Alabama
Abstract Numerous, correlative localities throughout the Upper Cliff Coal Interval (Lower Pennsylvanian), Blount County, Alabama, have been observed in which lycopod forests are preserved. TheseExpand
Cyclic changes in Pennsylvanian paleoclimate and effects on floristic dynamics in tropical Pangaea
Abstract Wetland floras narrowly define perceptions of Pennsylvanian tropical ecosystems, the so-called Coal Age. Such wetlands reflect humid to perhumid climate, leading to characterizations ofExpand
Erect Forests Are Evidence for Coseismic Base-level Changes in Pennsylvanian Cyclothems of the Black Warrior Basin, U.S.A.
Examination of the plant taphonomic character and sedimentological processes responsible for preservation of an in situ, erect forest above the Pennsylvanian Blue Creek coal of the Mary Lee coalExpand
A fossil lycopsid forest succession in the classic Joggins section of Nova Scotia: Paleoecology of a disturbance-prone Pennsylvanian wetland
Standing lycopsid trees occur at 60 or more horizons within the 1425 m thick coal-bearing interval of the classic Carboniferous section at Joggins, with one of the most consistently productiveExpand
Alluvial and volcanic pathways to silicified plant stems (Upper Carboniferous-Triassic) and their taphonomic and palaeoenvironmental meaning
: Petrographic imaging, in combination with qualitative and quantitative instrumental analyses of mineral mass, allow us to obtain material signatures of silicified plant stems that are relativelyExpand
Modern tropical analogs for Carboniferous standing forests: Comparison of extinct Mesocalamites with extant Montrichardia
Assemblages of in situ upright stem casts, or fossil standing forests, provide information on the composition and spatial arrangement of the original plant communities they record, with minimalExpand
The Westphalian D fossil lepidodendrid forest at Table Head, Sydney Basin, Nova Scotia: Sedimentology, paleoecology and floral response to changing edaphic conditions
Copyright (c) 1996 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. Strata of Westphalian D age on the western coast of the Sydney Basin expose a fossil forest of approximately 30 lepidodendrid treesExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...