Pelvic lymphoscintigraphy: contribution to the preoperative staging of rectal cancer.

Abstract

PURPOSE Preservation of the anal sphincter in surgery for cancer of the distal rectum in an attempt to avoid colostomy has been a main concern of colorectal surgeons. Various proposed procedures contradict oncological principles, especially with respect to pelvic lymphadenectomy. Therefore, prior knowledge of pelvic lymph node involvement is an important… (More)

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