Pelvic congestion syndrome and pelvic varicosities.

  title={Pelvic congestion syndrome and pelvic varicosities.},
  author={Sonya J. Koo and C M Fan},
  journal={Techniques in vascular and interventional radiology},
  volume={17 2},
Pelvic venous insufficiency (PVI), defined as retrograde flow in the gonadal and internal iliac veins, is the underlying cause of pelvic congestion syndrome (PCS), a common cause of disabling chronic pelvic pain in women of child-bearing age. PCS is a chronic pain syndrome characterized by positional pelvic pain that is worse in the upright position and is… CONTINUE READING