Pellagra and the Origin of a Myth: Evidence from European Literature and Folklore

@article{Hampl1997PellagraAT,
  title={Pellagra and the Origin of a Myth: Evidence from European Literature and Folklore},
  author={Jeffrey S. Hampl and Walter Hampl},
  journal={Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine},
  year={1997},
  volume={90},
  pages={636 - 639}
}
  • J. Hampl, W. Hampl
  • Published 1 November 1997
  • History
  • Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
Although medical publications contain examples of clinical vampirism1, blood-drinking tyrants are an unlikely basis for the European vampire folklore. Such individuals, although noted in history, were rarely encountered. More likely, the vampire legend developed out of communities' mounting fear of a disease they encountered daily. Because their understanding of medicine included aspects of magic, eighteenth and nineteenth century villagers used their belief in fables, such as vampires, to… 
The vampire in medical perspective: myth or malady?
TLDR
The physical and behavioral features of the vampire show striking and intriguing similarities with three relatively rare medical conditions discussed in this article: porphyria, rabies and pellagra.
Aetiological doctrines and prevalence of pellagra: 18th century to middle 20th century
TLDR
The reasons for, and the legitimacy of, the persistent association between pellagra and the consumption of maize are examined and the global spread of the disease from the early 18th century until the middle of the 20th century is reviewed.
Medical explanations for the myth of vampirism
The mythical figure of the vampire is undoubtedly one of the most intriguing, seductive, and horrifying in current popular culture. For hundreds of years, these characters have inhabited the belief
Dracula for Doctors
Exploring how medicine and psychiatry are portrayed in gothic literature, this engaging book illustrates how Stoker's famous work was influenced by nineteenth-century attitudes to disease and
A peculiarly characterised case of isoniazid-induced pellagra- 2 Ds and a C: a case report
TLDR
A 40-year-old, HIV+ Zambian woman on Antiretroviral therapy for five years and IPT for three months presented with a four-day history of constipation, generalised body weakness and irrelevant talk, and was diagnosed with constipation instead of diarrhoea.
Pellagra: a review with emphasis on photosensitivity
TLDR
This review seeks to update the classification and phenotypic characterization of the various forms of niacin‐deficient photosensitivity and highlights research required to advance the understanding of this photosensitivity syndrome.
Bleeding manifestations apparently unrelated to coagulation or other organic disorders: A tentative classification and diagnostic clues
TLDR
The features of bleeding conditions apparently not associated with vascular, platelet, or clotting dysfunctions are studied, including Münchausen syndrome factitious or fictitious, suicidal or homicidal bleeding, bleeding due to self-punishment, stigmatization, the battered child syndrome, and psychogenic bleeding.
Murder by Death: Renfield Syndrome
  • R. Kaplan
  • Psychology
    Journal of Science, Humanities and Arts - JOSHA
  • 2022
What is a psychiatric disorder? How do you distinguish madness from normal behaviour? The nomenklatura of American psychiatry follow a befruitful-and-multiply approach, with every edition of the DSM
Photodermatology. Quo vadis?
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 23 REFERENCES
Vampires, Burial, and Death: Folklore and Reality
TLDR
Utilizing modern forensic pathology, Barber argues that the lore of vampire/revenant is an elaborate folk-hypothesis to explain quite natural phenomena of decomposition.
The Butterfly Caste: A Social History of Pellagra in the South
TLDR
The rise and fall of pellagra, the disputes about its cause, and the social and political struggles form a fascinating story, well told by Elizabeth Etheridge.
Vampires, Porphyria, and the Media: Medicalization of a Myth
TLDR
A rumor may consist of speculation about an illness or physical anomaly described in history or depicted in art or, as in an example discussed here, told in myth and folklore.
Brief communication: bioarcheological and biocultural evidence for the New England vampire folk belief.
TLDR
Bioarcheological and paleopathological evidence is presented in support of a 19th century New England folk belief in vampires with a particular reference to a colonial period burial.
Particular features of clinical pellagra.
TLDR
It is considered that the "classical" features of pellagra have changed due to: protein ingestion slightly below the lowest normal limit, decrease of strenuous physical activity and some associated diseases (frequently gastrointestinal disorders, chronic alcoholism).
Politics and pellagra: the epidemic of pellagra in the U.S. in the early twentieth century.
The epidemic of pellagra in the first half of this century at its peak produced at least 250,000 cases and caused 7,000 deaths a year for several decades in 15 southern states. It also filled
Politics and pellagra: the epidemic of pellagra in the U.S. in the early twentieth century.
  • A. J. Bollet
  • Medicine, Political Science
    The Yale journal of biology and medicine
  • 1992
The epidemic of pellagra in the first half of this century at its peak produced at least 250,000 cases and caused 7,000 deaths a year for several decades in 15 southern states. It also filled
Pellagra and pellagralike dermatoses: etiology, differential diagnosis, dermatopathology, and treatment.
TLDR
Clinical pellagra should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with chronic alcoholism, malnutrition, and amino acid imbalance, although most pellagrins respond to niacin combined with a high-protein diet, although other concomitant vitamin deficiencies may prevent the use of niacIn.
Pellagra and pellagralike dermatoses: etiology, differential diagnosis, dermatopathology, and treatment.
TLDR
Clinical pellagra should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with chronic alcoholism, malnutrition, and amino acid imbalance, although other concomitant vitamin deficiencies may prevent the use of niacin.
...
...