Pelagic Plastics and Other Seaborne Persistent Synthetic Debris: A Review of Southern Hemisphere Perspectives

  title={Pelagic Plastics and Other Seaborne Persistent Synthetic Debris: A Review of Southern Hemisphere Perspectives},
  author={Murray R. Gregory and Peter G. Ryan},
For centuries humans have indiscriminantly discarded their waste into, and on the mar-gins of, oceans, lakes, and rivers. Seafarers traditionally disposed their garbage by simply heaving it overboard, and the practice continues to this day despite international agreements such as the London Dumping Convention (LDC) and the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL). When quantities of mostly (bio) degradable waste were low, environmental and other consequences… 


Debris is known to enter the ocean both deliberately and accidentally from a number of sources including sea dumping by fishing, merchant, cruise and recreational ships and from land-based sources

Environmental implications of plastic debris in marine settings—entanglement, ingestion, smothering, hangers-on, hitch-hiking and alien invasions

  • M. Gregory
  • Environmental Science
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2009
There are rapidly developing research interests in the biota attracted to freely floating marine debris, commonly known as ‘hangers-on and hitch-hikers’ as well as material sinking to the sea floor despite being buoyant.

Plastic debris in the coastal and marine ecosystem: A menace that needs concerted efforts

Plastics are versatile polymers and their application in variety of sectors has transformed day-to-day human life. Their use is increasing day-by-day. As a result, plastic debris is on the rise, and

The pollution of the marine environment by plastic debris: a review.

  • J. Derraik
  • Environmental Science
    Marine pollution bulletin
  • 2002

Microplastics in Aquatic Environments and Their Toxicological Implications for Fish

The intensive use of plastics and derivatives during the last century has increased the contamination of animal habitats. The breakdown of these primary plastics in the environment results in

Plastic marine debris: Sources, distribution and impacts on coastal and ocean biodiversity

Marine debris is a globally recognized environmental issue of increasing concern. Marine ecosystems worldwide are affected by human-made refuse, much of which is plastic. Marine debris includes

Prospects for microbiological solutions to environmental pollution with plastics

A comprehensive overview of the current knowledge on microbiological degradation of several of the most common plastic types is provided to illustrate the analytical challenges concerning the evaluation of plastic biodegradation as well as constraints likely standing against the evolution of effective biodegrading pathways.

Surfing and dining on the “plastisphere”: Microbial life on plastic marine debris

Plastic marine debris represents a global threat for the marine environment, having serious consequences for the ocean, the wildlife and the human health. While the plastics distribution, fate,