Pelagic Fishing at 42,000 Years Before the Present and the Maritime Skills of Modern Humans

  title={Pelagic Fishing at 42,000 Years Before the Present and the Maritime Skills of Modern Humans},
  author={Sue O’Connor and Rintaro Ono and Chris Clarkson},
  pages={1117 - 1121}
Abundant fish remains from a shelter in East Timor imply that humans were fishing the deep sea by 43,000 years ago. By 50,000 years ago, it is clear that modern humans were capable of long-distance sea travel as they colonized Australia. However, evidence for advanced maritime skills, and for fishing in particular, is rare before the terminal Pleistocene/early Holocene. Here we report remains of a variety of pelagic and other fish species dating to 42,000 years before the present from Jerimalai… 

Inshore or offshore? Boating and fishing in the Pleistocene

The first settlement of Australia over 40 000 years ago provides evidence of the maritime capabilities of early modern humans. Did they also take to the sea to fish? Recent analysis of fish remains

The antiquity of sustained offshore fishing

The first settlement of Australia over 40 000 years ago provides evidence of the maritime capabilities of early modern humans. Did they also take to the sea to fish? Recent analysis of fish remains

Interpreting archaeological fish remains

In an important paper, O'Connor et al. (2011) described evidence for marine fishing from around 42 000-year-old (cal BP) deposits at Jerimalai Shelter on Timor-Leste. The paper's title referred to


While the North American archaeological record signals the presence of early humans along the northeastern Pacific coast by the Late Pleistocene, we know little about the technological systems

Human History of Maritime Exploitation and Adaptation Process to Coastal and Marine Environments – A View from the Case of Wallacea and the Pacific

This chapter introduce the archaeological new findings and current outcomes for the past human marine exploitation and maritime or coastal adaptation particularly in the Walla‐ cea region where I

Advanced maritime adaptation in the western Pacific coastal region extends back to 35,000–30,000 years before present

Evidence from a limestone cave site on Okinawa Island, Japan, of successive occupation that extends back to 35,000−30,000 y ago is reported, suggesting wider distribution of successful maritime adaptations than previously recognized, spanning the lower to midlatitude areas in the western Pacific coastal region.

The Migration, Culture, and Lifestyle of the Paleolithic Ryukyu Islanders

Roughly 35,000 years ago, hunting-fishing-gathering people occupied the Ryukyu Islands of Japan, a chain of small-sized islands in the western Pacific. There are Paleolithic sites scattered over most



The Ysterfontein 1 Middle Stone Age site, South Africa, and early human exploitation of coastal resources.

  • R. KleinG. Avery R. Yates
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2004
Results from recent excavations at Ysterfontein 1, a deeply stratified shelter in a contrasting environment on the west (Atlantic) coast, corroborate two inferences drawn from south coast sites: (i) coastal foragers before 50,000 years ago did not fish routinely, probably for lack of appropriate technology, and (ii) they collected tortoises and shellfish less intensively than later people, probably because their populations were smaller.

Neanderthal exploitation of marine mammals in Gibraltar

The stratigraphic sequence of Gibraltar sites allows us to compare behaviors and subsistence strategies of Neanderthals during the Middle Paleolithic observed at Vanguard and Gorham's Cave sites, and suggests that use of marine resources was not a rare behavior and represents focused visits to the coast and estuaries.

Early human use of marine resources and pigment in South Africa during the Middle Pleistocene

It is shown that by ∼164’kyr ago (±12 kyr) at Pinnacle Point (on the south coast of South Africa) humans expanded their diet to include marine resources, perhaps as a response to these harsh environmental conditions.

Cave Archaeology and Sampling Issues in the Tropics: A Case Study from Lene Hara Cave, a 42,000 Year Old Occupation Site in East Timor, Island Southeast Asia

Abstract New evidence from Lene Hara Cave, East Timor, demonstrates that it was first occupied by modern humans by 42,454±450 cal BP at approximately the same time as nearby Jerimalai shelter.

Shell Artefact Production at 32,000–28,000 BP in Island Southeast Asia

The evolution of anatomical and behavioural modernity in Homo sapiens has been one of the key focus areas in both archaeology and palaeoanthropology since their inception. Traditionally,

A Matter of Balance: An overview of Pleistocene occupation history and the impact of the Last Glacial Phase in East Timor and the Aru Islands, eastern Indonesia

This paper explores the subsistence records from cave sites with Pleistocene-aged deposits in East Timor and the Aru Islands during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), and discusses these records within

New evidence from East Timor contributes to our understanding of earliest modern human colonisation east of the Sunda Shelf

New dates by which modern humans reached East Timor prompts this very useful update of the colonisation of Island Southeast Asia. The author addresses all the difficult questions: why are the dates

Dates, disturbance and artefact distributions: another analysis of Buang Merabak, a Pleistocene site on New Ireland, Papua New Guinea

Rosenfeld (1997) recently reported her excavations and the stratigraphy and radiometric chronology at Buang Merabak, a site probably first occupied c.32,000 radiocarbon years ago. While that report