Peer relations and later personal adjustment: are low-accepted children at risk?

  title={Peer relations and later personal adjustment: are low-accepted children at risk?},
  author={Jeffrey G. Parker and Steven R. Asher},
  journal={Psychological bulletin},
  volume={102 3},
In this review, we examine the oft-made claim that peer-relationship difficulties in childhood predict serious adjustment problems in later life. The article begins with a framework for conceptualizing and assessing children's peer difficulties and with a discussion of conceptual and methodological issues in longitudinal risk research. Following this, three indexes of problematic peer relationships (acceptance, aggressiveness, and shyness/withdrawal) are evaluated as predictors of three later… Expand

Topics from this paper

Children's Peer Relationships: Longitudinal Prediction of Internalizing and Externalizing Problems from Middle to Late Childhood.
In this longitudinal study, the predictive relations between social difficulties in early childhood (grade 2) and subsequent internalizing as well as externalizing problems in middle childhood (gradeExpand
Peer variables as predictors of later childhood adjustment.
This study examined the relation between children's peer relationships and teacher-rated psychological adjustment. A number of shortcomings in the peer literature were addressed by: (a) employingExpand
Childhood peer relationship problems and later risks of educational under-achievement and unemployment.
  • L. Woodward, D. Fergusson
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines
  • 2000
Relations between the extent of children's peer relationship problems at age 9 and their later risks of educational under-achievement and unemployment by the age of 18 years are examined to highlight the importance of childhood peer relationships for academic and occupational success. Expand
Social motivation: Social self-discrepancy: A theory relating peer relations problems and school maladjustment
A growing body of literature indicates that problematic peer relations in childhood and adolescence are predictive of both academic and behavioral problems in school (see Kohlberg, LaCrosse, & Ricks,Expand
The role of child maltreatment in early deviations in cognitive and affective processing abilities and later peer relationship problems.
Despite considerable research demonstrating the adverse consequences of child maltreatment, including a heightened risk for adaptational failures and psychopathology, longitudinal evaluations ofExpand
Development of conduct problems and peer rejection in preschool children: A social systems analysis
  • S. Olson
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of abnormal child psychology
  • 1992
The current findings strongly support a transactional model of the development of early peer rejection and conduct problems in boys from low-income family backgrounds. Expand
Childhood Peer Relationship Problems and Young People's Involvement with Deviant Peers in Adolescence
Analysis of prospective longitudinal data from the Christchurch Health and Development Study suggested that both early peer relationship problems and adolescent deviant peer involvement are symptomatic of early child behavioral adjustment. Expand
Children’s Peer Status and Their Adjustment in Adolescence and Adulthood : Developmental issues in sociometric research
The present research intended to examine the relationship between childhood stable peer status and adjustment in midadolescence for both genders, and adjustment in early and middle adulthood forExpand
The effect of perceived social status on preschool children's evaluations of behaviour
One of the major tasks of the early childhood years is to learn positive and socially acceptable ways of interacting with others and much of this learning occurs within the context of the peer group.Expand
Peer group victimization as a predictor of children's behavior problems at home and in school.
It is demonstrated that victimization in the peer group is an important predictor of later behavioral maladjustment. Expand


Problem boys in young adulthood: Teachers' ratings and twelve-year follow-up
The major finding was that one teacher-rated item, fails to get along with other children, was closely associated with a wide spectrum of adult behaviors, and it was found that composite scores of childhood and adulthood bad conduct were significantly related to each other. Expand
Social skills intervention in the treatment of isolated or withdrawn children.
Intervention techniques designed to treat social skills deficits in children whose peer relationship difficulties result in isolation or withdrawal are reviewed, and the evidence for longterm consequences of shyness is questioned. Expand
An Assessment of the Relationship among Measures of Children's Social Competence and Children's Academic Achievement.
GREEN, KENNETH D.; FOREHAND, REX; BECK, STEVEN J.; and VOSK, BARBARA. An Assessment of the Relationship among Measures of Children's Social Competence and Children's Academic Achievement. CHILDExpand
Peer acceptance: The correspondence between children's sociometric scores and teachers' ratings of peer interactions
In view of the current interest in children's peer relationships and social skills, and the need for valid assessment procedures for children's peer problems, the intent of the present study was toExpand
Documenting the Effects of Social Skill Training With Children: Process and Outcome Assessment
Although social scientists have long been interested in methods for guiding children’s behavior and development, the use of skill training procedures as a means of influencing the course ofExpand
Implications of positive and negative sociometric status for assessing the social competence of young children
Positive and negative sociometric status were examined with reference to observed classroom behavior and performance on two laboratory measures of social skills: decoding emotion from facialExpand
Issues in the assessment of social competence in children.
The current uses and the inherent assets and limitations of both strategies are discussed along with suggestions for enhancing current data collection methods. Expand
Childhood aggression and social adjustment as antecedents of delinquency
Dispositional status, reflecting severity, was the best indicator of which delinquent males would have adult criminal records, and childhood aggression emerged as the most prominent antecedent factor for males but not for females. Expand
Children's loneliness: a comparison of rejected and neglected peer status.
The results provided added evidence of the utility of the distinction between neglected and rejected status and support earlier conclusions that rejected children are more at-risk than other status groups. Expand
Children at risk for delinquency: A follow-up comparison of aggressive children and children who steal
Findings suggested that young aggressive children were not at risk for adolescent court contact, and it was the young child with identified stealing problems who was highly likely to become an official delinquent. Expand