Peer Victimization, Cue Interpretation, and Internalizing Symptoms: Preliminary Concurrent and Longitudinal Findings for Children and Adolescents

@article{Prinstein2005PeerVC,
  title={Peer Victimization, Cue Interpretation, and Internalizing Symptoms: Preliminary Concurrent and Longitudinal Findings for Children and Adolescents},
  author={Mitchell J. Prinstein and Charissa S. L. Cheah and Amanda E. Guyer},
  journal={Journal of Clinical Child \& Adolescent Psychology},
  year={2005},
  volume={34},
  pages={11 - 24}
}
This study examined hostile intent and causal, critical self-referent attributions for ambiguous peer cues to examine the hypothesis that these latter interpretations would be uniquely associated with symptoms of depression, social anxiety, and loneliness. Critical self-referent attributions were assessed in 116 kindergarteners (Study 1) and 159 adolescents (Study 2) using a hypothetical vignette procedure, replicating past work on social information processing. In both samples, critical self… 

Linking Peer Victimization to the Development of Depressive Self-Schemas in Children and Adolescents

TLDR
Support accrues to a model about the social-developmental origins of cognitive diatheses for depression by showing that persistent peer victimization is associated with stronger negative self-cognitions, weaker positive Self-referential words, and an elimination of the normative memorial bias for recall of positive self- Referential words.

The impact of peer victimization on later maladjustment: mediating and moderating effects of hostile and self-blaming attributions.

TLDR
Results imply that hostile attributions may operate as a potential mechanism through which negative experiences with peers lead to increases in children's aggressive and delinquent behavior, whereas self-blame exacerbates victimization's effects on internalizing problems.

Coping with peer victimization: the role of children's attributions.

TLDR
Results suggest that children's attributions may reflect the resources they have available to them to cope with victimization, and may be due to social status or to the extent to which children blame themselves for the victimization.

Targeted Peer Victimization and the Construction of Positive and Negative Self-Cognitions: Connections to Depressive Symptoms in Children

  • D. ColeM. MaxwellT. DukewichRachel Yosick
  • Psychology
    Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology : the official journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53
  • 2010
TLDR
Both kinds of TPV were significantly related to positive and negative self-cognitions as well as self-reported depressive symptoms; however, structural equation modeling revealed that the effects of covert/relational TPV accounted for the results of overt/physical TPV.

Applying Depression-Distortion Hypotheses to the Assessment of Peer Victimization in Adolescents

  • Andres De Los ReyesM. Prinstein
  • Psychology
    Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology : the official journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53
  • 2004
TLDR
Adolescents' aggressive behavior was associated with underestimations of peer victimization on self-reported measures, as compared to peer-reports, whereas depressive symptoms were associated with overestimation ofpeer victimization in self-report, asCompared topeer-reports.

Sensitive periods for the effect of peer victimization on self-cognition: Moderation by age and gender

TLDR
The hypothesis that PV may be linked to future psychopathology through its influence on self-cognitions, but only for girls is supported, with the effect being stronger for younger girls.

Mechanisms and processes of relational and physical victimization, depressive symptoms, and children's relational-interdependent self-construals: Implications for peer relationships and psychopathology

TLDR
It was found that depressive symptoms predicted subsequent relational victimization (not physical victimization) for children who exhibited low and high levels of relational-interdependent self-construals, and the effect was evidenced for highly interdependent children only.

The Interplay of Depression and Hostile Attributions in the Link Between PTSD Symptoms and Peer Victimization in Child Victims of Sexual Abuse

TLDR
Results of the path analysis revealed that post-traumatic stress symptoms were associated with depressive symptoms, which was linked to greater hostile attributions for relational provocations, which were in turn associated to a greater likelihood of reporting peer victimization.

Recalled peer relationship experiences and current levels of self-criticism and self-reassurance.

TLDR
The nature of a patient's personality vulnerability to depression may be better understood through a consideration of the patient's relationships with their peers as well as with parents during adolescence, which highlights the importance of peers in the development of personality risk and resiliency factors for depression.
...

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