Peer Victimization, Cue Interpretation, and Internalizing Symptoms: Preliminary Concurrent and Longitudinal Findings for Children and Adolescents

  title={Peer Victimization, Cue Interpretation, and Internalizing Symptoms: Preliminary Concurrent and Longitudinal Findings for Children and Adolescents},
  author={Mitchell J. Prinstein and Charissa S. L. Cheah and Amanda E. Guyer},
  journal={Journal of Clinical Child \& Adolescent Psychology},
  pages={11 - 24}
This study examined hostile intent and causal, critical self-referent attributions for ambiguous peer cues to examine the hypothesis that these latter interpretations would be uniquely associated with symptoms of depression, social anxiety, and loneliness. Critical self-referent attributions were assessed in 116 kindergarteners (Study 1) and 159 adolescents (Study 2) using a hypothetical vignette procedure, replicating past work on social information processing. In both samples, critical self… 

Linking Peer Victimization to the Development of Depressive Self-Schemas in Children and Adolescents

Support accrues to a model about the social-developmental origins of cognitive diatheses for depression by showing that persistent peer victimization is associated with stronger negative self-cognitions, weaker positive Self-referential words, and an elimination of the normative memorial bias for recall of positive self- Referential words.

The impact of peer victimization on later maladjustment: mediating and moderating effects of hostile and self-blaming attributions.

Results imply that hostile attributions may operate as a potential mechanism through which negative experiences with peers lead to increases in children's aggressive and delinquent behavior, whereas self-blame exacerbates victimization's effects on internalizing problems.

Coping with peer victimization: the role of children's attributions.

Results suggest that children's attributions may reflect the resources they have available to them to cope with victimization, and may be due to social status or to the extent to which children blame themselves for the victimization.

Targeted Peer Victimization and the Construction of Positive and Negative Self-Cognitions: Connections to Depressive Symptoms in Children

  • D. ColeM. MaxwellT. DukewichRachel Yosick
  • Psychology
    Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology : the official journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53
  • 2010
Both kinds of TPV were significantly related to positive and negative self-cognitions as well as self-reported depressive symptoms; however, structural equation modeling revealed that the effects of covert/relational TPV accounted for the results of overt/physical TPV.

Applying Depression-Distortion Hypotheses to the Assessment of Peer Victimization in Adolescents

  • Andres De Los ReyesM. Prinstein
  • Psychology
    Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology : the official journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53
  • 2004
Adolescents' aggressive behavior was associated with underestimations of peer victimization on self-reported measures, as compared to peer-reports, whereas depressive symptoms were associated with overestimation ofpeer victimization in self-report, asCompared topeer-reports.

Sensitive periods for the effect of peer victimization on self-cognition: Moderation by age and gender

The hypothesis that PV may be linked to future psychopathology through its influence on self-cognitions, but only for girls is supported, with the effect being stronger for younger girls.

Mechanisms and processes of relational and physical victimization, depressive symptoms, and children's relational-interdependent self-construals: Implications for peer relationships and psychopathology

It was found that depressive symptoms predicted subsequent relational victimization (not physical victimization) for children who exhibited low and high levels of relational-interdependent self-construals, and the effect was evidenced for highly interdependent children only.

The Interplay of Depression and Hostile Attributions in the Link Between PTSD Symptoms and Peer Victimization in Child Victims of Sexual Abuse

Results of the path analysis revealed that post-traumatic stress symptoms were associated with depressive symptoms, which was linked to greater hostile attributions for relational provocations, which were in turn associated to a greater likelihood of reporting peer victimization.

Recalled peer relationship experiences and current levels of self-criticism and self-reassurance.

The nature of a patient's personality vulnerability to depression may be better understood through a consideration of the patient's relationships with their peers as well as with parents during adolescence, which highlights the importance of peers in the development of personality risk and resiliency factors for depression.



Cognitive Moderators of the Longitudinal Association Between Peer Rejection and Adolescent Depressive Symptoms

This longitudinal study examined peer rejection as a predictor of adolescent depressive symptoms during the critical developmental period associated with substantial increases in the prevalence of girls' depression, consistent with integrated cognitive vulnerability-stress and cognitive dissonance models.

The roles of social withdrawal, peer rejection, and victimization by peers in predicting loneliness and depressed mood in childhood

Abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relative contributions of social withdrawal, peer rejection, and victimization by peers in predicting feelings of loneliness and depressed mood

A longitudinal analysis of patterns of adjustment following peer victimization

Correlation and partial correlation analyses revealed that prior victimization predicted externalizing, internalizing, and social problems 2 years later for the sample as a whole, but not all victimized children experienced the same types of outcomes; instead, there was heterogeneity in children's responses to victimization.

Classroom peer acceptance, friendship, and victimization: distinct relational systems that contribute uniquely to children's school adjustment?

It is suggested that adjustment may be influenced by the diverse experiences that children encounter in different forms of relationship, and that certain types of relationships may have greater or lesser adaptive significance depending on the adjustment outcome examined.

Children's perceptions of their peer experiences: Attributions, loneliness, social anxiety, and social avoidance.

In this study, 338 3rd and 5th graders completed a sociometric questionnaire and 3 instruments designed to assess their feelings of loneliness, social anxiety, social avoidance, and their

Does low self-regard invite victimization?

Poor self-concept may play a central role in a vicious cycle that perpetuates and solidifies a child's status as a victim of peer abuse and diminished self-regard over time.

Social information-processing patterns partially mediate the effect of early physical abuse on later conduct problems.

Early abuse increased the risk of teacher-rated externalizing outcomes in Grades 3 and 4 by fourfold, and this effect could not be accounted for by confounded ecological or child factors.

Relationally and physically aggressive children's intent attributions and feelings of distress for relational and instrumental peer provocations.

Evaluating the intent attributions and feelings of emotional distress of relationally and physically aggressive children in response to instrumental and relational provocation contexts indicated that physically aggressiveChildren exhibited hostile attributional biases and reported relatively greater distress for instrumental provocation situations, whereas relationally aggressive children exhibited hostile Attribution bias and reported comparatively greater distress in relationally provocation contexts.

Children's coping strategies: moderators of the effects of peer victimization?

Findings revealed that strategies such as problem solving that were beneficial for nonvictimized children exacerbated difficulties for victimized children, and the need to examine the effects of coping on multiple adjustment outcomes.

The role of child maltreatment in early deviations in cognitive and affective processing abilities and later peer relationship problems

Abstract Despite considerable research demonstrating the adverse consequences of child maltreatment, including a heightened risk for adaptational failures and psychopathology, longitudinal