Peer Tutoring Systems: Applications in Classroom and Specialized Environments

  title={Peer Tutoring Systems: Applications in Classroom and Specialized Environments},
  author={Timothy E. Heron and Donna M. Villareal and Malcolm Yao and Rebecca J. Christianson and Kathleen M. Heron},
  journal={Reading \& Writing Quarterly},
  pages={27 - 45}
ABSTRACT Peer-mediated approaches have been used for years to improve the academic behaviors of students, especially those with disabilities. The most systematized and well researched of the peer-mediated approaches relates to peer tutoring systems, which include specific elements of training, implementation, and evaluation. The purpose of this article is to distinguish peer tutoring systems from incidental tutoring approaches, document the application of peer tutoring within academic and… 

The Effects of Peer Tutoring on Academic Performance of Students With Disabilities in Grades 6 Through 12: A Synthesis of the Literature

This synthesis examined the effects of peer tutoring on academic performance of students with disabilities in Grades 6 through 12. Twelve studies met all the criteria for this synthesis: (a) original

Peer Tutoring: Meeting the Demands of Inclusion in Physical Education Today

This article examines the effects of peer tutoring as a strategy for teaching and including students with disabilities in general physical education (GPE). Different teaching strategies allow

Tutoring With Technology

Peer tutoring is an evidence-based strategy used across a wide range of age groups and settings. Teachers may find it challenging to successfully pair students for tutoring because the tutor must be

Effects of Immediate Feedback Delivered by Peer Tutors on the Oral Presentation Skills of Adolescents With Learning Disabilities

High school graduation requirements are becoming increasingly demanding. In addition to meeting academic benchmarks, some school districts have added performance requirements such as oral

A Role-Play-Based Tutor Training in Preservice Teacher Education for Developing Procedural Pedagogical Content Knowledge by Optimizing Tutor–Student Interactions in the Context of an Outreach Lab

ABSTRACT To meet the requirements of students’ cooperative learning, our quasi-experimental study addresses how preservice teachers (PSTs), as a component of their procedural pedagogical content

Tutoring System Innovations

This article discusses the progression of tutoring system innovations from informal, dyadic, and subjectively evaluated arrangements to more formally arranged configurations that emphasize training,

Effects of Supplemental Computer-Assisted Reciprocal Peer Tutoring on Kindergarteners' Phoneme Segmentation Fluency

Phonemic awareness is a critical early reading skill that gives students a strong foundation for beginning reading. Without effective interventions or supplements to core reading programs, many

Teaching Writing for Keeps

Proficiency with written expression is critical for students' academic success. Unfortunately, writing presents a challenge for both students and teachers. Recent data suggest that many students in

The teacher's role in implementing cooperative learning in the classroom

Cooperative learning is widely endorsed as a pedagogical practice that promotes student learning. Recently, the research focus has moved to the role of teachers’ discourse during cooperative learning

Three suggested teaching strategies for students who are deaf or hard of hearing

This paper addresses current issues in deaf education including poor academic progress and employment outcomes of individuals who are deaf and hard of hearing (D/HH) as well as provides suggestions



Applications of Tutoring Systems in Specialized Subject Areas

Tutoring is an effective, quick, and easily implemented procedure to individualize instruction across dyads, small groups, or large groups. Most tutoring applications have occurred in school settings

Classwide Peer Tutoring

Twelve years of data indicate that at risk students and students with disabilities in programs using CWPT acquired literacy skills at a faster rate, retain more, and made greater advances in social competency than with a variety of standard instructional methods.


A 5-month peer tutoring program within a first grade classroom containing 28 children, two of whom were handicapped, indicates that tutors performed the appropriate behaviors and that both tutors and tutees increased their knowledge of sight words.

Increasing Active Student Responding and Improving Academic Performance Through Classwide Peer Tutoring

Classwide Peer Tutoring is a powerful instructional procedure that actively engages all students in a classroom and that promotes mastery, accuracy, and fluency in content learning for students with

Peer tutoring with ESL and below-average readers

A multiple baseline research design across subjects (pairs) was used to examine the effectiveness of a peer tutoring reading intervention which involved the systematic use of delayed attention,

Teaching preschool children with disabilities tutoring skills: effects on preacademic behaviors

This study investigated the used reciprocal peer tutoring with six preschool children with disabilities. The children ranges in age form 4 years 2 months to 5 years 9 months. All six students were


This study investigated the effectiveness of a cross-age tutoring program on the acquisition, generality, and maintenance of sight words. Six elementary tutees and their high school tutors

The Effects of an After-School Tutoring Program on the Academic Performance of At-Risk Students and Students with LD

Improving the educational outcomes for students who are at risk for academic failure is an important issue for educators and policymakers. Recently, before- and after-school tutoring programs have

Using Classwide Peer Tutoring to Teach Beginning Algebra Problem-Solving Skills in Heterogeneous Classrooms

This study examined the effectiveness of using classwide peer tutoring (CWPT) in heterogeneous middle school math classrooms to teach students in beginning algebra problem-solving skills. The

ClassWide Peer Tutoring: An Effective Teaching Procedure for Facilitating the Acquisition of Health Education and Safety Facts with Students with Developmental Disabilities

Abstract Health and safety education programs are critical components of the elementary school's curriculum. Five students with developmental disabilities (DD) were taught health and safety facts