Peer Influence on Adolescent Alcohol Use: The Moderating Role of Parental Support and Discipline

  title={Peer Influence on Adolescent Alcohol Use: The Moderating Role of Parental Support and Discipline},
  author={Michael P Marshal and Laurie A. Chassin},
  journal={Applied Developmental Science},
  pages={80 - 88}
This study tested the moderating effects of parental social support and consistency of discipline on the relation between adolescents' affiliation with drug-use promoting peers and their subsequent alcohol use. Participants were a subsample (n = 300) of 454 children of alcoholics and matched community controls (ages 101/2-151/2 years). Results indicated that mothers' and fathers' social support and consistency of discipline buffered the effects of peer group affiliation on girls' alcohol use… 
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A developmental model with two components; the first deals with adolescent pathways to drug use, and the second incorporates childhood factors, finding that individual protective factors could offset risk factors and enhance other protective factors, resulting in less adolescent marijuana use.
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The results support the need for preventive intervention for children of problem-drinking parents and for developing strategies for improving the participation rate of such children in the intervention programs that are available.
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Resilience in the Face of Adversity
  • M. Rutter
  • Psychology, Medicine
    British Journal of Psychiatry
  • 1985
Although an appreciation that a variety of stressors may play a role in the genesis of psychiatric disorder has a long history, the systematic study of such effects is much more recent.