Pediatric visceral leishmaniasis in Austria: diagnostic difficulties in a non-endemic region.

Visceral leishmaniasis is usually fatal if left untreated. In Europe it is mainly caused by Leishmania infantum which is endemic in the whole Mediterranean region. While visceral leishmaniasis classically affects children, adults increasingly suffer infections in regions which are known to be endemic for HIV. Nowadays up to 70% of the patients with visceral… CONTINUE READING