Pediatric extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy: its efficiency at various locations in the upper tract.

@article{Hammad2009PediatricES,
  title={Pediatric extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy: its efficiency at various locations in the upper tract.},
  author={Fayez T Hammad and M. Sc. Atila Kaya and Essa M Kazim},
  journal={Journal of endourology},
  year={2009},
  volume={23 2},
  pages={229-35}
}
BACKGROUND Several reports demonstrated the effectiveness of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) in the management of pediatric upper tract urolithiasis. The majority of these studies used the stone-free rate as the main indicator for treatment success. Efficacy Quotient (EQ) is an important outcome measure because it not only takes into consideration the stone-free rate, but also includes other undesirable outcomes that increase patient morbidity and utilizes hospital resources… CONTINUE READING