Recent development of prototype pediatric biplane transducers has extended the use of biplane TEE imaging to the neonate. One such TEE probe with 64 imaging elements in each pallet was used perioperatively in 46 infants and children (weight 2.9 to 32 kg) undergoing surgery for complex congenital heart disease. The success rate for passing the transducer, complications of the procedure, and the number of cases in which the vertical plane provided information that was not available from the horizontal plane were determined. Probe insertion was successful in all patients. Imaging was discontinued in one neonate because of possible airway compression by the probe. Image quality was excellent in the other 45 patients. The vertical plane added information over that obtained from the horizontal plane in 58 (44%) of the 132 anomalies identified. The addition of the vertical plane was especially useful in imaging abnormalities of the ventricular outflow tracts.