Pedestrian, Crowd and Evacuation Dynamics

  title={Pedestrian, Crowd and Evacuation Dynamics},
  author={Dirk Helbing and Anders Johansson},
  booktitle={Encyclopedia of Complexity and Systems Science},
Collective intelligence Emergent functional behavior of a large number of people that results from interactions of individuals rather than from individual reasoning or global optimization. Crowd Agglomeration of many people in the same area at the same time. The density of the crowd is assumed to be high enough to cause continuous interactions with or reactions to other individuals. Crowd turbulence Unanticipated and unintended irregular motion of individuals into different directions due to… CONTINUE READING
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Egress design solutions: A guide to evacuation and crowd management planning

  • J Tubbs, B Meacham
  • 2007

Pedestrian flow optimization with a genetic algorithm based on Boolean grids

  • A Johansson, D Helbing
  • Pedes - trian and evacuation dynamics 2005
  • 2007

Pedestrian and evacuation dynamics

  • N Waldau, P Gattermann, H Knoflacher
  • 2006

Collecting pedestrian trajectory data in real-time

  • J Kerridge, T Chamberlain
  • 2005

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