Pedal Morphology of the Marsupial Lion Thylacoleo carnifex (Diprotodontia: Thylacoleonidae) from the Pleistocene of Australia

  title={Pedal Morphology of the Marsupial Lion Thylacoleo carnifex (Diprotodontia: Thylacoleonidae) from the Pleistocene of Australia},
  author={Roderick T Wells and Peter F. Murray and Steven J. Bourne},
RODERICK T. WELLS, PETER F. MURRAY, and STEVEN J. BOURNE; School of Biological Sciences, Flinders University GPO Box 2100 Adelaide South Australia 5001, Australia; Palaeontology, South Australian Museum, North Terrace, Adelaide 5000 South Australia, Australia,; Museum of Central Australia, Larapinta Drive, Alice Springs, Northern Territory 0871, Australia,; Dept. for Environment and Heritage, Naracoorte Caves, Naracoorte, South Australia 5271… 
Palaeobiology of Euowenia grata (Marsupialia: Diprotodontinae) and its Presence in Northern South Australia
  • A. Camens, R. Wells
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    Journal of Mammalian Evolution
  • 2009
It is suggested that the diprotodontine hind limb and pes had evolved graviportal adaptations in the Pliocene as well as in the Pleistocene members, and that E. grata may have been able to rear up against trees while browsing.
  • A. McLaren
  • Environmental Science
    History of Education Quarterly
  • 1989
ABDALA, FERNANDO and SMITH, ROGER M. H. A Middle Triassic cynodont fauna from Namibia and its implications for the biogeography of Gondwana 837–851 ABDALA, FERNANDO, see MARTINELLI, et al. ABEL,
Systematic and palaeobiological implications of postcranial morphology in the Diprotodontidae (Marsupialia).
  • A. Camens
  • Geography, Environmental Science
  • 2010
This thesis is focused on the information that can be gained from examining diprotodontid forelimb and hindlimb anatomy in a morphological, functional, palaeobiological, and phylogenetic context.
New skeletal material sheds light on the palaeobiology of the Pleistocene marsupial carnivore, Thylacoleo carnifex
This analysis suggests that T. carnifex possessed a relatively stiff tail comprising half of the vertebral column length; proximal caudal centra exhibiting a relatively high resistance to sagittal and lateral bending (RSB and RTB); relatively enlarged areas of origin for caUDal flexors and extensors; a rigid lumbar spine; and a shoulder girdle braced by strong clavicles.
Ecomorphological determinations in the absence of living analogues: the predatory behavior of the marsupial lion (Thylacoleo carnifex) as revealed by elbow joint morphology
It is inferred from the results that Thylacoleo used its forelimbs for grasping or manipulating prey to a much higher degree than its supposed extant placental counterpart, the African lion (Panthera leo).
Marsupial lions and methodological omnivory: function, success and reconstruction in paleobiology
It is argued that pessimists make a bad empirical bet betting against the epistemic fortunes of opportunistic and resourceful scientists, especially when they have reason to think they will systematically underestimate the amount of evidence ultimately available to them.
Behaviour of the Pleistocene marsupial lion deduced from claw marks in a southwestern Australian cave
An assemblage of claw marks preserved on surfaces in a cave is analyzed and it is deduced that they were generated by marsupial lions, which were excellent climbers and reared young in caves.


IV. On the fossil mammals of Australia. — Part IV. Dentition and mandible of thylacoleo carnifex, with remarks on the argument for its Herbivority
  • R. Owen
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London
  • 1871
Described are an upper jaw and maxillary teeth, and a portion of the mandible with mandibular teeth, from tertiary deposits at Gowrie Creek, Queensland, presented to the British Museum by Sir Daniel Cooper, Bart.
Estimating the weight of the Pleistocene marsupial lion, Thylacoleo carnifex (Thylacoleonidae:Marsupialia): implications for the ecomorphology of a marsupial super-predator and hypotheses of impoverishment of Australian marsupial carnivore faunas
It is argued that Pleistocene marsupial lions may have dispatched even Diprotodon-sized animals and prima facie evidence for reptilian domination of terrestrial carnivore niches during the Miocene is wanting, although it is conceded that far more detailed investigation is required to comprehensively test these hypotheses.
On the Affinities and probable Habits of the extinct Australian Marsupial, Thylacoleo carnifex, Owen
  • W. H. Flower
  • Environmental Science
    Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London
  • 1868
The late Dr. Falconer, in a paper published in the Quarterly Journal of this Society for November 1862*, has given a masterly and detailed statement of the arguments which led him to infer that the
Functional-Morphology of the Limbs of Thylacoleo-Carnifex Owen (Thylacoleonidae, Marsupialia)
It was concluded that Thylacoleo carnifex was a slow- medium cursor, possibly capable of leaping, which was clearly implying a carnivorous habit.
Functional morphology of the vertebral column of Thylacoleo carnifex Owen (Thylacoleonidae: Marsupialia)
The shape of the sagittal stress curve, the analysis of neural spine lengths and angulations, and the orientations of the zygapophyseal articulations of Thylacoleo suggested the following: the heavy head was supported on a long neck, which revealed little sagittal bending stress and was equipped with relatively high neural spines.
Pleistocene Fossil vertebrate Sites of the South East Region of South Australia II
Abstract This paper provides an update of the original review of Pleistocene vertebrate fossil sites of the South East region of South Australia. It includes recent discoveries, revisions of faunal
The form and function of retractile claws in the felidae and other representative carnivorans
The claw retractile mechanism for 15 felid species is described and its function studied and the anatomy of the claw retractedile mechanism is compared to that of other carnivorans.
Skeletal indicators of locomotor behavior in living and extinct carnivores
Results demonstrate that osteological indices are good predictors of locomotor behavior among extant carnivores.
Among the recently discovered postcranial material of Paradolichopithecus arvernensis a talus and a distal tibia belonging to the same individual are recognized, which makes comparisons regarding functional morphology possible.
The nature of the primate grasping foot
The recognition of this innovative adaptation, the I–II adductor grasp, which is unique to Madagascar, extends the appreciation of prosimian locomotor capabilities.