Pedal Morphology of the Marsupial Lion Thylacoleo carnifex (Diprotodontia: Thylacoleonidae) from the Pleistocene of Australia

@inproceedings{Wells2009PedalMO,
  title={Pedal Morphology of the Marsupial Lion Thylacoleo carnifex (Diprotodontia: Thylacoleonidae) from the Pleistocene of Australia},
  author={Roderick T Wells and Peter F. Murray and Steven J. Bourne},
  year={2009}
}
RODERICK T. WELLS, PETER F. MURRAY, and STEVEN J. BOURNE; School of Biological Sciences, Flinders University GPO Box 2100 Adelaide South Australia 5001, Australia; Palaeontology, South Australian Museum, North Terrace, Adelaide 5000 South Australia, Australia, Rod.Wells@flinders.edu.au; Museum of Central Australia, Larapinta Drive, Alice Springs, Northern Territory 0871, Australia, Peter.Murray@nt.gov.au; Dept. for Environment and Heritage, Naracoorte Caves, Naracoorte, South Australia 5271… 
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This analysis suggests that T. carnifex possessed a relatively stiff tail comprising half of the vertebral column length; proximal caudal centra exhibiting a relatively high resistance to sagittal and lateral bending (RSB and RTB); relatively enlarged areas of origin for caUDal flexors and extensors; a rigid lumbar spine; and a shoulder girdle braced by strong clavicles.
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It is inferred from the results that Thylacoleo used its forelimbs for grasping or manipulating prey to a much higher degree than its supposed extant placental counterpart, the African lion (Panthera leo).
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Behaviour of the Pleistocene marsupial lion deduced from claw marks in a southwestern Australian cave
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An assemblage of claw marks preserved on surfaces in a cave is analyzed and it is deduced that they were generated by marsupial lions, which were excellent climbers and reared young in caves.

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